Health 111, Chapter 3
Health 111, Chapter 3 111
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rose Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 111 at Clarion University of Pennsylvania taught by Gayle Truitt Bean in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Health in Health Sciences at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
I. What is Stress? A. Stress 1. Create feelings of tension and anxiety and physical and emotional response B. Stressor 1. Any physical or psychological condition, event, or factor that causes stress C. Eustress 1. Positive stressors (Ex: First Date) D. Distress 1. Reflection of the harmful effects these stressors often have on the mind and body II. The Body’s Stress Response A. Stress Response 1. Specific psychobiological changes that occur as the body attempts to cope with the stressor B. Homeostasis 1. Balance C. Adaptive response general adaption syndrome 1. Alarm a. When first confronted with stressor (fight-or-flight) 2. Resistance a. Deal with stressor and try to restore balance 3. Exhaustion a. Long exposure to stressor will cause body to wear out D. Allostasis 1. Short-term adaptive processes that help the body deal with challenges of stress E. Allostatic Overload 1. When Allostasis response are prolong they can be harmful to the body III. Health Effects of Chronic Stress A. Effects on Cardiovascular System 1. High blood pressure can damage organs and lead to increased risk of heartaches 2. Can also leads to Obesity which can then lead to increases cholesterol and diabetes B. Effects on Digestive System 1. Directs blood away from stomach/intestine which can result in stomachache, constipation, or diarrhea, and effect body’s ability to regulate sugar levels C. Effects of the Immune System 1. Psychoneuroimmunology a. Study of interaction among psychological processes, nervous system, hormones, and the immune system 2. Release of too many hormones for a prolonged period can suppress the immune system and reduce ability to fight off infection D. Effects on Mood, Mind, and Mental Health 1. Contributes to developing depression, panic attacks, eating disorders, and PTSD IV. Common Causes of Stress A. Financial Stressors 1. Worrying about paying bills or tuition B. Daily Hassles 1. Lost check, Used all of phone data for the month C. Academic Pressure 1. Grades, Internships, Dean’s list D. Job-Related Stressors 1. Use job to fix some of financial stress but cuts into classwork time E. Social Stressors 1. Friends and relationships can either cause or help reduce stress F. Major Life Events 1. Death in the family, Breakup, Graduating or Getting Married 2. Self-Assessment a. Assign rating to common stressors encountered by college students G. Environmental Stressors 1. Annoying roommate, long commute to work/school H. Internal Stressors 1. Worries and demands we place on ourselves
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