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Week 1 Notes For History of Rock and Roll

by: Jess Munyon

Week 1 Notes For History of Rock and Roll

Marketplace > Kutztown University of Pennsylvania > > Week 1 Notes For History of Rock and Roll
Jess Munyon
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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About this Document

These are the notes for the first week of class. It covers: --Forms --Tin Pan Alley --Radio
Class Notes
History Rock and Roll, Music




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess Munyon on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
Week 1 Notes: MUS 106  Date: January 20th, 2016  Topics:​orms/Tin Pan Alley/Radio  MUSIC FORM    Definition of Music Form:The structure or organizations of a musical work  ● Letters can be used  ● Other wise words such as: (verse, chorus, bridge, etc.)    Some typical popular music forms are:  ● A­A­B­A  ○ This is where the music opens with A form  ○ Where it then repeats the same music( A again)  ○ For the bridge it changes to a new tune (B)  ○ After, it returns to A form again  ■ It is often seen in measures of 8  ○ Example of AABA:​“Great Balls of Fire”    ● Simple verse  ○ The music repeats, but the lyrics are different for each verse  ○ Example of Simple vers: “Rocket 88”  ● Simple verse­chorus  ○ The verse and chorus have the same music (they are simply the same)  ○ Example of Simple verse­chorus:   ● Contrasting verse­chorus  ○ The verse and chorus have different music (they are contrasting from one  another)  ○ Example of contrasting verse­choruThat’ll Be the Day”­­Buddy Holly          EARLY 20TH CENTURY­­TIN PAN ALLEY    ● What was it?  ○ Sheet music publishers in New York City  ○ People would walk down these streets and were able to hear all kinds of music  from different musicians  ■ They were called “Song Pluggers”    ● Who were the “Song Pluggers”?   ○ These were people on the piano making music on the street with people able to  buy it right as it was being published  ● What form was born in Tin Pan Alley?  ○ AABA  ■ Examples during this time period “Over The Rainbow” Judy Garland      RECORDING/RECORDS    ● First way to record sounds was through a wax cylinder*  ● What evolved from wax cylinders?  ○ The record, it started out as a 78 rpm  ○ 5 minutes per a side    ● What happened in 1948?  ○ The LP emerged (long playing) which was 33­⅓ rpm  ○  20 minutes per side    ● What came out in a year later?  ○ The 45 rpm which r​eplaced​the 78s (these played one song per a side)  ■ 5 minutes per a side    Note:​ 78s (5 minutes)­­­­>33 ⅓(20 minutes)­­­­> 45 rpm replaces 78s (5 minutes)      RISE OF THE RADIO 1920S    (Music styles were often regional and they would cater to the local taste)    ● In 1928 radio networks began to created a national audience  ● Before 1945 all music was performed live    ● What’s significant in 1950s?  ○ After television the radio needs a new audience this leads to:  i. Some urban stations turned to the black population   ii. They welcome advertisers to their business            RHYTHM AND METER    Definitions:    ● Rhythm: ​How music is organized in time.    ● Beat: A steady pulse.  ○ Two Types of Beats:  ■ Simple: into two parts.  ■ Compound: into three parts.  *Some beats are stressed or accented*    ● Meter: A recurring pattern on strong and weak beats, where each pattern is a measure.  ○ Types of Meters​ :  ○ Duple (2 beats)  ○ Triple (3 beats)  ○ Quadruple (4 beats)           *Now apply the types of beats to the type of meters  Simple  Compound  Duple (2/4)  Duple (6/8)  Triple (¾)  Triple (9/8)  Quadruple (4/4)  Quadruple (12/8)    ★ Example: What meter?  ○ “Great Balls of Fire”  ■ 4/4 Meter (Quadruple Simple)               


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