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Week 2 For History of Rock and Roll

by: Jess Munyon

Week 2 For History of Rock and Roll MUS106CD

Marketplace > Kutztown University of Pennsylvania > Music > MUS106CD > Week 2 For History of Rock and Roll
Jess Munyon
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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These are the notes that were covered for the 2nd week of class. Topics covered: --Country, Western, Bluegrass --Jazz, Swing, Bebop, Crooners --Blues and Electrical Blues
History of Rock and Roll
Professor Rober
Class Notes
Music, History of Rock and Roll




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess Munyon on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS106CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Rober in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see History of Rock and Roll in Music at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
Week 2: MUS 106  Date: January 25th, 2016  Topics:​Country/Western/Bluegrass  Jazz/Swing/Bebop/Crooners  Blues/Electric Blues    COUNTRY MUSIC    Roots of Country music:  1. Folk ballads and fiddle tunes from Great Britain and Ireland  2. Blues of southern blacks  3. Southern religious music    ❖ Four Main Instruments in early country music:  ➢ The Fiddle (violin) from Britain, Ireland and Europe  ➢ The guitar from Spain  ➢ The mandolin from Italy  ➢ The banjo from West Africa    ❖ Who was the father of country music?  ➢ Jimmie Rodgers  ​(1897­1933)  ■ Blue Yodels #1­13 (early country style)  ■ Called him: “The singing brakeman”  ● He would dress like a railroad worker to fit in with his audience      BLUEGRASS    ★ What is it?  ❖ A fast mandolin, banjo and fiddle based music created Bill Monroe and Bluegrass  Boys  ➢ Later used by former Bluegrass Boys:  ■ Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs (now the Foggy Mountain Boys)  ● Even some of those members that went on went on to make more  groups  ➢ Bill Monroe created the song called “Blue Moon of Kentucky”    ★ What are some other artist or groups that have created music from the bluegrass style?  ❖ The Ballad of Jed Clampett   ➢ Beverly Hillbillies    ❖ The Carter Family  ➢ Created music with religious themes and close 3 part harmonies  ■ *MUST KNOW* ​ “Can the Circle be Unbroken”  ● Simple Verse Chorus­(both chorus and verse have same music)  ● 2/4 meter (duple simple), but some beats are dropped    ❖ Fats Domino   ➢ Blueberry Hill  ■ Originally created in 1941 by Gene Aunrty who had a more western style       WESTERN    ★ What is western style?  ❖ It is western cowboy campfire ballads and hollywood cowboy music  ➢ Example​ :Back in the Saddle Again by Gene Autry    ★ What is Western swing?  ❖ It was popularized by ​Bob Wills and The Texas Playboys  ➢ Created:​  “Bob Wills Boogie”      ★ What is the longest running radio show in history?  ➢ The Grand Ole Opry  ■ The area where western and eastern rustic come together  ■ A weekly music stage and broadcast located in Nashville, TN  ■ Like mecca for country singers    ★ Who was the most influential and significant american country artist?  ➢ Hank Williams  ■ Created​ Hey Goodlookin”         SWING     ★ What is swing music?    ❖ Played by bands with a lot of people (15­20 players)  ➢ It was popular from 1930­1945          ❖ Groups of instruments such as:  ➢  Saxophones, trombones, trumpets and a rhythm section(piano, bass, guitar and  drums)  ❖ The focus is on​ dancing and clear melodies  ➢ Some examples:   ■ Billy Goodman­­­> “Sing Sing Sing”  ■ Lionel Hampton­­­> ​Flying Home”  ● was known for his vibraphone improvisations  ■ Cab Calloway­­­> ​Reefer Man”      CROONERS    ★ What are Crooners?  ❖ A singer typically a male  ➢ Examples:  ■ Bing Crosby   ● Wholesome image  ● *MUSTKNOW* ​ “Dream a Little Dream of Me”  ◆ Music form is AABA  ■ Frank Sinatra  ● New Model for Solo Singer (Teen Idol)  ● “The Way You Look Tonight”  ◆ Music form is AABA  ❖ *Swing Bands often use singers, but many had separate careers as well*       BEBOP    ★ What is Bebop?  ❖ Jazz musicians in later 1940 were tired of regimented swing bands so they created:  ➢ Small combos that were intricate and improvised work  ■ Created after club hours    ❖ *Meant for​ listeningnot dancing**  ❖ Example: ​ “Salt Peanuts created by Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie         BLUES    ★ What were the influences on early blues?    1. Work Songs   a. Manual Labor­made up when working  2. Field Holler  a.  Yell across the field in a singing way  3. Spiritual  a.  African adaptation to Christian music  b. Bringing African music with religious tones        ★ Where did rhythm originate from?    ❖ Originated from african music  ➢ Two types:   ■ Syncopation­using off beats  ■ Polyrhythm­using more than one rhythm        ★ What is melody?    ❖ A series of notes connected in a particular rhythm to produce a catchy tune  ❖ Melodies come from work, dance or souther religious music  ❖ They are also originated from african music        ★ How many notes are on a scale in European music compared to a blues scale?    ❖ Original scale­­7 notes on a scale   ❖ Blues scale­­lowered third, fifth and seventh pitches                ★ What is the 12 Bars Blue harmony?    ❖ One of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music  ❖ *It is made up of Triads (another name for chords)*  ❖ Triads can be built on each note of a scale  ➢ Triads are named with Roman numerals   ■ There are 12 chords per measure      I  I  I  I  IV  IV  I  I  V  IV  I   I    **A song that uses this 12 Bars Blue harmony­­­**MUSTKNOW**   “Backwater Blues”  ​by Bessie Smith    ★ What other technique was created from Blues?    ❖ 12 string finger­picking style  ➢ It was created by Wille Mc Tell (Blind blues player)  ■  He used it in “Statesboro Blues”   ■ Known for his clean swift style on his old 12 string guitar named Stella  ➢ Robert Johnson  ■ “Ramblin On My Mind”   ● Short guitar intro (5 bars)          Note: ***Rhythm & melody​  came from​  African music​, where   Song structure & harmony​  came from ​ European music. ​** *  (European music: vocal singing with acoustic guitar and homemade instruments)                  ELECTRIFYING THE BLUES (ELECTRIC BLUES)      ★ How would you compare the early blues to the chicago blues?      Early Blues  Chicago Blues  Rural  Urban  Acoustic guitar  Electric Guitar  Single Artist  Band    **Chicago blues​  included more instruments so they sounded more produced and put together**      ★ What happen on the southside of chicago?    ❖ Black musicians came to chicago from the southern states   ❖ Using their hawaiian style (laptop) guitar  ➢ In 1932 by: Rickenbacker   ➢ In 1935 by: Gibson  ➢ laptop­meaning to lay on a lap    ❖ They would play their music outside where everyone could hear  ➢ ... but realized they needed a louder sound, which lead to:  ■  The creation of the electric guitar  ● Fender broadcaster, fender stratocaster and Gibson “Le Paul”       ★ What is Chess records?    ❖ Created in 1950 by ​ Phil and Leonard  (It was a black recording studio)    ● Some artists that they signed:    ➢ Muddy Waters  ■ The Father of Chicago Rhythm and Blues  ● “Hoochie Coochie Man”    ➢ Willie Dixon  ■ He was an influential blues songwriter, producer and bassist.  ➢ Chester Arthur Barnet  ➢ John Lee Hooker  ■ ***One of the​ las​links to the delta blues***  ● “Boogie Chillin”      ★ Who was the most influential/significant artist in blues history?    ❖ Riley “Blues Boy” King  ➢ “B.B. Boogie”    **He never got married instead he put his career before everything else**           


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