Week 1 Philosophy 101
Cal State Fullerton
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Mutlu on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 101 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Ryan Nichols in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Purpose meaning the goodlife in PHIL-Philosophy at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
Philosophy 101 Ryan Nichols February 26th Value Hedonism Pleasure Eudaimonism Good Confucianism Family Stoicism Self-love Daoism Nature A hedonistic life is shallow and doesn’t beneﬁt anyone else with your existence. God Box: A concept of a box where you put your thumb on it creating the most pleasurable experience (orgasmic ) If you were to give rats conventional pleasure every time they press up against the bars they would die there. Contentment kills any drive to continue. A hedonistic way of live doesn't balance any meaning and overall will decrease your level of happiness. A Eudaemonistic way of life would be the “good” life leading a morally good life in virtue (Plato, Ghandi, Socrates, Jesus, Mother Teresa) Doing good will create a sense of well being within you. A challenge to the “good” life - where is the happiness? Being completely virtuous and celibate doesn't leave much room for fun. February 28th Background on Dao De Jing - Written by Lao Tzu and Chuang Zu - Both Co-founded a new system of Philosophy - Taoism (6th century BC) - The book is infamous for being Obscure • During 771-221 BCE was the time of the warring states because the Cho dynasty had died out and lots of smaller factions were trying to rise to the top using “Physical Coercion” - Related Reading: “The Art of War” by Sun Tau (Reﬂections on strategy and tactics on the batteﬁld as it relates to interpersonal connections) • The two Philosophers turn their back on the civilization which they were raised and create their own way forward contradicting all the evils they’ve seen. - The major theme of their philosophy revolves around nature <(contend) In Section 8 pg.2 The water- the way because it beneﬁts creatures without *contending and settles where no one would like to be - The water is passive and an important force • The way value is given to things is relative to the goal you are trying to achieve ex. In a home it’s where it is that matters, in an affair it’s ability that matters. - So water is the closest to the way • God is above nature for taoists live in accord with nature. Virtue- When your heart concerns (Blue Book: What sort of value do you hold for emptiness and stillness in a persons life?) Daoism Nature The way Religon Water metaphor stillness Philosophy? Mysticism Opposed to social convention Not contending Focus of Harmony and of Wounded warrior project Ineffable (cannot be spoken of) experience (selﬁshness immoral) s.19 pg.3 Confucianism and Alacrity - Versatility of the mind (Blue Book: What’s one thing you do that opposes social norms or standards?) The process of self discovery is shadowy and indistinct. The way is as obscure as trying to deﬁne it. - Ineffable: cannot be spoken of -Yin: The dark the ambiguous, afﬁrming femine over masculine, dark over light (opposite of confucianism) Antithesis: Opposing ex. “worn then new” Freedom of Desire Of the desires imposed upon from others, the desire to be desirable The truly benevolent do not act with ulterior motives -Rites and rituals- Symbols of conventional Moralities Rites are ordered acts, described as the beginning of disorder
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