First Set of Personality Notes
First Set of Personality Notes 31929 Psych of Personality
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackenzie Martin on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 31929 Psych of Personality at New York University taught by Susan Andersen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Personality in Psychlogy at New York University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
▪ 1/27 ▪ Substance ▪ Big Broad theories ▪ Freud ▪ his era- late 1800s until 1930’s ▪ no such thing as psych at the time ▪ trained as a medical doc ▪ clinician ▪ they aren’t scientists and aren’t doing research- they see patients and try to cure condition you have ▪ freud likes to call his theory a scientiﬁc theory ▪ it is not a scientiﬁc theory- it isn’t science ▪ he was trained in medicine but wasn’t doing research ▪ neurologist- the last thing any of us want ▪ unless you want to see what your brain is ▪ other people you’ve seen can’t diagnose condition ▪ in those days it was worse ▪ neurologist meant you’d been through everyone ▪ what sent him on the path o think of these questions? ▪ example- he is in private practice and gets patients and the patients are women- upper middle class vienna- a women come in who’s right arm is paralyzed she can’t move doesn’t know what’s wrong with her- freud just wants to smooth it out- at some point she cries and tells him she was sexually abused by her uncle or dad or someone-sobbing and wipes her tears with her messed up arm- he then makes a theory to encompass this ▪ he has 2 theories- ▪ 1 theory- constructed with the women molested in mind- somehow it has a causal impact on these symptoms- a decade later he gets rid of theory ▪ 2nd theory- harder to understand ▪ how and why he shifted his beliefs- ▪ what we already know ▪ freud was one of the ﬁrst people to talk about the unconscious and the nature of the unconscious ▪ unconscious processes are important in determining who you will become and how your personality will develop ▪ unconscious forces are enormously impactful ▪ what is in the unconscious mind ▪ what is shoved into the unconscious is there because it is so awful- if you were to know it you couldn’t bear it ▪ it is the repository in the mind that contains agonizing painful awful stuff- psychological defense mechanisms ▪ example- why is that person scrutinizing- do they have a crush on me or something- if you do it because it’s a defense mechanism you are probably attracted to student- projection ▪ id, ego, super ego ▪ things that block things from the mind ▪ main theory tells us how the structures evolve and how they operate and why they exist ▪ everything in you deﬁned by intra psychic conﬂict ▪ 1st theory ▪ from the 1890s and early 1900s- all theory 1 ▪ id ego super ego no present yet ▪ sexually abused or betrayed by an adult usually opposite sex- a wound created inside and it’s agonizing- the seduction or molestation theory ⁃ the idea that you were traumatized in reality ▪ repression- shoved into the unconscious ▪ the mind works really hard to keep this out of your conscious- if you want to stop you can’t ▪ the disease inside you created this symptom- paralyzed arm comes from you shoving things into unconscious so you don’t have to deal with it again ▪ don’t accidentally confuse this theory with the actual theory ▪ a niche theory ▪ in 1905 he creates another theory all together- ▪ the drive structure model- his 2nd real theory ▪ the structure is id ego super ego ▪ the nub of this new theory is these women weren’t actually sexually molested- explosion of emotion that makes them say they were molested- they wished to have been sexually molested- or sexually engaged ▪ had the instinct or drive to have those experiences and that is the fact that was so traumatizing- unconscious wish is now shoved to unconscious and that’s what people can’t know about themselves- therefore what they are defending against ▪ infantile psychosexual urges ▪ primal desire ▪ libido ▪ everything is reducible to drive and instinct ▪ sexual urge about which you may have no knowledge ▪ freud is making the assumption that you are born with a level of drive ▪ drive and libido are the basis for your personality and who you become ▪ everything is reducible to drive and libido ▪ if we didn’t have libido you wouldn’t develop id ego and super ego ▪ all instincts have an aim- to be gratiﬁed or pleasured- that feels like it is gratifying ▪ ordinarily all instincts have an object- libido is objectless ▪ claiming that libido- target of urge is unspeciﬁed in a sense ▪ therefore even if there is no father present- independently of socialization- i will still have urge and attach urge to something ▪ we come down to the idea that reality doesn’t matter ▪ libido develops in the same way- biologically driven course of development ▪ nature not nurture ▪ ambiguities ▪ able to claim that culture doesn’t matter
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