4 Personality Notes
4 Personality Notes 31929 Psych of Personality
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackenzie Martin on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 31929 Psych of Personality at New York University taught by Susan Andersen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Personality in Psychlogy at New York University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
2/8 ▪ if you get a traumatic experience you regress back to a previous stage ▪ major depression ▪ start with ﬁxation at the oral stage and have disease entity ▪ when the individual as an adult experiences the loss of a signiﬁcant other- they will regress back to oral stage ▪ primary process thinking- oral stage- creating mental image to satisfy desires ▪ create mental image of lost person inside of you ▪ absorbing person into yourself- interject person inside of you- upset- angry at person for leaving you- person is inside you- you are angry at yourself ▪ ﬁxation- experience- regression back to less mature phase ▪ what stage you got ﬁxated in inﬂuence behavior of regression ▪ clingy needy and consuming- called oral- depression ▪ control cleanliness- compulsive personality disorder- anal stage ▪ phallic stage- ⁃ men- concern with masculinity and desire to improve yourself as a masculine person ⁃ women- femininity balance between being promiscuous vs conservative pre madonna prude ▪ narcissistic personality disorder ▪ freud deals with depression- his daughter expanded later ▪ have 5- unconscious ▪ projection- unacceptable feelings for the way you think that you won’t admit to yourself so you project ▪ defense mechanisms through which the ego tries to incorporate reality and consider the demands of the superego ▪ defenses transform urges into the ego ▪ repression- sex urges for parents ▪ reaction formation- two opposites collide- if you hate something you love it- many straight men exposed to movies with homosexuals- men who had strong homophobic tendencies were more aroused during the movies than those who said they were okay with gays- opposite of what you feel you express ▪ rationalization- rationalize and bring logic to everything we do ▪ sublimation- something sublimes or transforms to something else- signiﬁcant to development of culture- base your choices on the urges- have aggressive urges and don’t know where to direct them can’t direct them towards parents ▪ this is all psychomotivational freud analysis- don’t apply this to how we feel today ▪ psychopathological therapy- meet every week long and tedious ▪ psychoanalysis ▪ patient lies on couch and analyst is out of view ▪ to facilitate free association ▪ simply speak about everything coming to mind- aim of analysis is awareness- make what’s unconscious conscious ▪ all of our neurosis have an unconscious basis ▪ free association comes in there ▪ the slip of the tongue and the analyst can pick up on that- dream proﬁling to ﬁnd unconscious conﬂicts ▪ transfering phenomenon- while they’re free associating they transfer these emotions and attitudes to the analyst themselves ▪ recognize through the analyst to themselves as if they’re relating to people in the past ▪ usually parents but any important person from your childhood ▪ during transference analyst hits at the nub of the problem in abreaction ▪ he or she may become emotional and cry or be angry ▪ the patient is reliving their past tension provoking experience ▪ analyst has to pick up on that ▪ he’ll make an interpretation ▪ after interpretation- the patient will resist and deny the reason and be upset with the analyst ▪ as patient resists the analyst becomes more conﬁdent that he is correct ▪ since resistance is to keep unconscious conﬂicts hidden from awareness ▪ Karl yune ▪ freud viewed him as his heir ▪ yune had his own theory ▪ we have a fundamental motivation for self realization ▪ ﬁnding unity and connecting all aspects of your personality to ﬁnd that balance ▪ he kept unconscious processes and categorized them as the personal unconscious ▪ how did we get to self realization ▪ he didn’t talk about stages ▪ reach unity ⁃ diﬁrentiation ⁃ integration ▪ the collective unconscious- inherited aspect of our unconscious that connects us to everyone throughout history ▪ anima- feminine component of the male psyche ▪ animus- masculine component of female psyche ▪ as individuals we have to differentiate there is a masculine aspect of my unconscious ▪ if i deny that side that aspect of my personality is primitive underdeveloped and one sided personality ▪ to achieve self unity- we need to integrate both forces in our lives ▪ when you integrate these forces you become incorporated with the broader cosmos- for this theory you need to reach self realization ▪ we work toward and strive towards reaching the ideal goal ▪ trying to step away from sex and aggression ▪ alfred adler ▪ society for individual psychology ▪ focus on individual as a whole ▪ nature vs nurture ▪ had chronic illness throughout childhood and 5 siblings ▪ why so many rivalries why is it happening to him ▪ organ inferiority like a bum leg- sense of inferiority comes from young insecurity ▪ life goal is to compensate that feeling ▪ in real life you create proactive ideas ▪ ﬁctional ﬁnalisms ▪ the style of life- the means towards the end- how you get to ﬁctional ﬁnalisms ▪ life based on changes to reach goals ▪ person to person ▪ goals are proportioned ▪ way you go about the goal is the way you were raised ▪ if you were neglected you work hard and if spoiled may not work for ﬁctional ﬁnalism ▪ humanistic perspective- it’s not just psychosexual it’s me i can determine my future ▪ the creative self ▪ you are the author of your life ▪ even acting as if something is possible ▪ working class people unlike yune and freud ▪ adler came up with compensary motivation- work on weaknesses ▪ freud said motivation is about logic
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