Review for Coons Final
Review for Coons Final Psych 101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackenzie Martin on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 101 at New York University taught by Edgar Coons in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at New York University.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
▪ Exam 4 ▪ personality ▪ traits patterns of thought feeling or behavior ▪ states temporary patters of thought feeling or behavior ▪ the big 5 look at pics on phone ▪ honesty- going to be more honest to peers rather than teachers- trait theory ▪ know personality paradox ▪ strong weak situations ▪ wider variety and greater expression is weak ▪ strong strongly effects the behavior ▪ walter missile criticized trait theory ▪ self monitoring- high in self monitoring can trash talk at a game and be nice at cocktail party ▪ low on self monitoring loud in a library ▪ genes and personality- know genes ▪ the twin studies ▪ genetic factors contribute to personality ▪ more likely to have similar personality if identical personalities than fraternal twins ▪ introverts more sensitive to sound and pain ▪ sensation seeking- predisposition to seek new experiences ▪ a true sensation seeker would have underactive systems in the brain ▪ high sensation seekers look for risks and they have underactive norepinephrine systems and need more drugs or risk ▪ environment and family ▪ sullivan- ﬁrst borns are more conformity ▪ later borns are rebellious ▪ psychodynamic theories ▪ faud ▪ what people do and say and think consciously is the tip of the iceberg ▪ understanding a person is understanding psychodynamic forces ▪ things that arise from psychological causes- psychogenic systems ▪ free association- they talk about lives and childhood no matter how embarrassing or trivial- they would avoid topics and not free associate- repression- form of self protection- he concluded his patients wouldn’t and couldnt ▪ internal conﬂicts ▪ id ego superego ▪ id is all basic biological urges and seeks to abide by them pleasure principle- food sex ▪ the ego- obeys the reality principle- tries to satisfy id and tried to ﬁnd strategies to get what you desire and basically tries to suppress the id because you can’t get what you want ▪ child eventually learns to stop eating cookie if they know parents would be mad superego ▪ conﬂict between the 3 causes anxiety ▪ defense mechanism is repression ▪ defense mechanisms- displacement reaction formation rationalization projection ▪ displacement gets punished and hits bro and puts anger on bro ▪ reaction formation- if he wants to kill sis he over exaggerates and turns it to love ▪ rationalization- dad beats son and says its for his own good ▪ projection attributing impulse to someone other than yourself- if you like someone they will like you ▪ psychosexual stages- oral anal phallic latency genital ▪ infancy sequence is universal ▪ frauds theory ▪ what moves a child from one stage to another is physical maturation and changes ▪ stressful changes like what parents allow or prohibit ▪ oedipus complex- at age 3 or 4 boys wanna bang moms and see dads as rivals- boy wants mom all to himself wants dad to go away and never come back- fears dad and is afraid dad can hear his thoughts ▪ kids can’t distinguish between thoughts and actions ▪ dad is monster ▪ he eventually relinquishes mom and tried to respect dad ▪ defense mechanisms of complex ▪ projection- wants to kill his dad he’s rival then feels guilty ▪ reaction formation- changes hate to respect and love ▪ little boys have authority probs with dad only ▪ in the islands the little boys have authority prob not to father but authority which is their bro ▪ freud and dreams- every dream makes id impulses- genital areas ▪ manifest content- what happens and disguise ▪ latent is what we want ▪ tree trunk rubbing- saw a tree- to freud it has latent content of wanting to rub genitals ▪ Freuds contributions ▪ object relations theory- peoples relations to object is based on a working model ▪ strange situation ▪ humanistic approach- mazlow and rodgers- we are more than simple desires we have a desire to develop ▪ self actualization- it’s important to realize full potential- motivate yourself to full potential ▪ actual selves vs. possible selves ▪ ideal and ought ▪ ideal self is one you want to be ▪ ought self is what you think you should be ▪ schemas actual and ought ▪ what happens if you compare your actual self to ought- promotion focus- pursue goals ▪ prevention focus try to avoid doing any harm ▪ positive psychology makes people happy and healthy and it’s concerned with deﬁning the good life ▪ happiness set points- don’t differ from person to person- happiness is geneticlaly programed ▪ happy vs. sad- limb loss and lottery groups were similar in contemptment with their lives because they adapt ▪ set points ▪ happiness is related to control- people desire control ▪ nursing home study- one group of participants given a plant to take care of and another group had to have nurse take care of it ▪ participants felt better when they took care of the plants ▪ psychopathology ▪ somatogenic hypothesis- soma means body and the hypothesis said psychopathology came from bod ▪ psychogenic- comes from mind ▪ general paresis- a disease that early theories thought it was psychogenic mental manifestation but later one theories or researcher- this disease came from bod infection ▪ since the discovery of general paresis- psychological disease comes from bod ▪ diathesis stress model- dialysis predisposition to have disease stress is life factors that make it come true ▪ risk of disorder increases with both of them ▪ marshmallow experiment doesn’t have to be genetic based- other ideas of predisposition ▪ show kids marshmallow and they have to wait without eating they’d give them another marshmallow ▪ some kids found waiting easier than others ▪ different types of self control ▪ longitudinal experiment 30 years looked at kids as grown ups- fewer academic competence ▪ self control is predisposition- prone to a future disorder ▪ important terms ▪ symptoms, signs, syndromes ▪ symptoms what the patient reports ▪ signs what clinician observes ▪ syndrome a group of signs and symptoms that characterize and abnormality ▪ MMPI an example of self report assessment ▪ how self report measure was developed ▪ anxiety disorders- groupd disorders characterized by worry or stuff ▪ phobias ▪ intense and irrational fear ▪ association with dog and negative experience you fear the dog ▪ classical conditioning pavlova dogs ▪ other hypothesis to how phobias arise- preparedness theories even if we have little experience with thing we’re afraid of ▪ preparedness to become phobic ▪ evolutionary advantage ▪ preparedness theory^^^ ▪ anxiety disorders- generalized anxiety disorder- chronic worry ▪ OCD main symptoms of disorder are obsessions and compulsions
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