HY 104 Chapter 16 Key Terms
HY 104 Chapter 16 Key Terms HY 104
Popular in American Civ Since 1865
Popular in History
This page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Paige Montgomery on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kari Frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see American Civ Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/09/16
O 69 o 9 O O 90 90 Chapter 16 Key Terms Standard gauge The distance separating the two tracks Made it possible for the rst time for trains of one company to travel to any other company s track Trusts Created to bring order to the marketplace Legal devices whereby the affairs of several rival companies were managed by a single director Vertical integration A steel company that controlled every phase of the business from raw materials to transportation manufacturing and distributions Established by Carnegie Horizontal expansion Buying out competing oil re neries Done underJohn D Rockefeller Captains of Industry Americans whose energy and vision pushed the economy forward Robber Barons Americans who wielded power without any accountability in an unregulated marketplace The Signi cance of the Frontier in American History A celebrated lecture given by historian Jackson Turner He argued that on the western frontier the distinctive qualities of American culture were forged individual freedom political democracy and economic mobility Bonanza Farming Dawes Act The Act broke up the land of nearly all tribes into small parcels to be distributed to Indian families with the remainder auctioned off to white purchasers Indians who accepted the farms and quotadopted the habits of civilized lifequot would become full edged Americans Named for Henry L Dawson Senator of Massachusetts A crucial step in attacking quottribalismquot Ghost dance A religious revitalization campaign reminiscent of the panIndian movements led by earlier prophets like Neolin and Tenskwatawa Its leaders foretold a day when whites disappear the buffalo would return and Indians could once again practice their ancestral customs quotfree from misery death and diseasequot Sherman Antitrust Act In 1890 Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act which banned all combinations and practices that restrained free trade Interstate Commerce Commission ICC In 1887 Congress established the ICC to ensure that the rates railroads charged farmers and merchants to transport their goods were reasonable and did not offer more favorable treatment to some shippers over others The rst federal agency intended to regulate economic activity A response to public outcries against railroad practices Patrons of Husbandry Also known as Grange Critics of the railroad who came together to establish cooperatives for storing and marketing farm output in the hope of forcing the carriers to quottake our produce at a fair pricequot Founded in 1867 Called on the state governments to establish fair freight rates and warehouse chargers Social Darwinism The idea of the natural superiority of some groups to others Explained the success and failure of individuals and social classes Liberty of Contract An idea that would be embraced by the business and professional classes in the last quarter of the 19th century A negative de nition of freedom as limited government and unrestrained free market quotFoundation of civilization Knights of Labor The rst group to try to organize unskilled workers as well as skilled women alongside men and blacks as well as whites excluded the despised Asian immigrants on the West Coast The largest labor organization of the nineteenth century oz Social Gospel Attacking of individual sins such as drinking and Sabbathbreaking and saw nothing immoral about the pursuit of riches These outlines became known as the Social Gospel They insisted the freedom and spiritual selfdevelopment required an equalization of wealth and power and that unbridled competition mocked the Christian ideal of brotherhood o3 Haymarket Affair MayDay workers in cities across the country demonstrated for an eighthour day Numerous strikes broke out the year that the Statue of Liberty was dedicated A rally was held in Haymarket Square to protest the killings someone threw a bomb into a crowd at the end of a speech and police opened re shooting several bystanders and a number of their own force