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Prenatal through 36 month old

by: Staranna Taylor

Prenatal through 36 month old 2113-001

Marketplace > 2113-001 > Prenatal through 36 month old
Staranna Taylor


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About this Document

These notes cover the history of child development as well as the different trimesters and steps taken during pregnancy.
Development: Prenatal to 36 months
Class Notes
child development, family, 36 month olds, Prenatal
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Staranna Taylor on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2113-001 at a university taught by Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
Thursday, February 11, y Prenatal­36 months Prenatal Development, Pregnancy & Birth ­ through intercourse, genes , chromosomes  ­ Sexual intercourse ­ Artificial insemination­ primary way to treat infertility in males and females. Sperm inserted  directly into a women's cervix. Sometimes inserted into the fallopian tubes or uterus for a  shorter trip for the sperm. ­ IUI Intra uterine insemination­ most common form, when the sperm is inserted directly into  the cervix. ­ in vitro fertilization ( IVF)­ Test tube babies. Eggs and sperm are outside of the body and  combined in a lab. Once the embryo is formed than they are placed inside the uterus. They are  placed through a catheter through the vagina and cervix into the uterus.   ­ First test tube baby was named Luis Brown. In England in 1978.  Prenatal Development  ­ First trimester ­ conception to the third month. ­ Second trimester­ fourth to the sixth month. ­ Third trimester from the seventh month to the deliver and birth last ninth month. Prenatal Touchpoint • Gate keeping­ parents need to protect their new born. Might give a back off vibe to people  whom they're close too. • Imagine parent­ feel like you are the only one to meet the needs of your child. Ideas you would do or never do. • Professionals need to have an alliance with parents. Very important to have this support. 1 Thursday, February 11, y • Common anticipatory guidance­ understanding their role, planing for circumcision, feeding­  discussing a mothers wishes about feeding wether breast feeding or bottle, what types of  formulas etc. Fetal Development  • Germinal stage­ second and fourth weeks, when a zygote is formed by a fertilized event of  two gametes that contain DNA to form a human. When sex determination takes place. Girl­  two x . Boy­ x and y. Blastocyst is when a zygote has attached itself to a uterine wall  searching for nutrients. • Embryonic stage­ implantation can occur around the tenth week. Very important stage the  germ layers are formed. The ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm. The ectoderm is the outer layer  of the embryo, important because the outer layer develops in the neural layer and tube. The  ectoderm is important  in your hair, nail, eye.  The fourth germ layer sometimes referred to as  the neural crest. The endoderm forms the living cells of all glands, that open the digestive tube including the liver and the pancreas. The mesoderm is a middle layer, in between the endo and ecto term that from the kidneys, muscles, cartilages and circulatory system. The circulatory  system involves your heart and spleen.  •  At four weeks the central nervous system is formed .  • At eight weeks rapid brain growth and internal organs are formed as well as major systems in  the body. Functions of many body parts.  • Membranes that are formed during the embryonic stage is the placenta, umbilical cord and  • Fetal stage­ final stage of development .  • 9­12 weeks there is some initial activity of the fetus. Eyes and face start to appear and sexual  knowingness if one is having a girl or boy. • 13­16 weeks rapid growth. The hands and feet emerge and become more defined, bone cells  develop and definite heart beat. Fetus may be sensitive to light.  • 17­20 weeks the neurons are formed int he body and myelination and brain begins to form. • 21­25 weeks transparent skin, fetus has regular sleep cycles, lungs develop, reflexes actives  might be noted. 2 Thursday, February 11, y • 26­29 weeks cerebral cortex is formed, lungs are breathing, fat deposits form in the fetus as a  protective measure during development.  • 30­34 weeks rapid weight gain • 35­38 weeks weigh game and height gains, form protective antibodies.  Multiple Pregnancies  • Dizygotic ( DZ) ­ fraternal twins. Two eggs or sperms form, no different than regular siblings. • Monozygotic ( MZ) identical twins. One fertilized egg splits and develops two babies.  Identical twins share the same genetic information.  • Multiples­ triplets, sublets from artificial insemination.  • Issue of selective reduction is aborting one or more fetuses in a multi fetal pregnancy.  Influences on Development  • Congenital malformations • Genetic factors • Environmental factors­ alcohol, over the counter medicines, smoking, pollution, teratogens.  Prenatal Testing  • Ultrasound­ only exterior abnormalities can be detected later in a pregnancy. Allowed at 3  months.  • Chorionic villus sampling ( CVS) can be done during the first trimester, needle pulls out fluid from the vagina. • Amniocentesis is used to test chromosomal normalities detected but 16 weeks.  • Maternal Blood TestNeedle is very small there are no risks. Out of 200 women experience  abortion. Risks go up for paternal or maternal age.  Risks go up as well if a father is using as  well.  3 Thursday, February 11, y • Fetal therapy/ Surgery used for spinabifida used to achieve fetal well being.  Two different  kinds. Medical that non invasive and surgery which is invasive.   • Pre­conceptual & genetic counseling many more couples are deciding to have this counseling  and knowing the odds before having a child. Sock ecumenic divide.  Physiology of Labor • Onset of labor­ water breaking, sometimes does not happen but based on amnionic fluid levels may induce labor. Prescribe creedal to soften the cervix, protozoan is prescribed along with  this to kick start contractions.  • Induced labor­ C­sections, planned for easier comfort, women choose to have a c­ section  because of work and plan their schedule in accordance with giving birth. Very safe.  • Contractions­ when the abdomen becomes hard between contractions and the uterus relaxes  and become soft and then come back again. • Braxton Hicks Contractions­ Do go away. Difference between real contractions and  contractions. menstrual cramps. A way your body prepares you for birth but not actually going through changes. Some have them and some don’t.  • Dilation and Effacement­ During the first stage of labor, the cervix opens ( dilates) and thins  out (effaces) to allow the baby to move into the birth canal. Breech­ is reversed. Stage 1­  dilation of cervix, water has broken and begins to efface( thin out) and the effacement is what  allow the baby to move into the birth canal.  The cervix must be 100 percent effacement and  10 centimeters dialed before a vaginal delivery.  • Stage 1 ( Early Phase), cervix dilates 1 to 4 cent. contractions may be 30­60 seances long,  bloody show, possible water break. • Stage 2 ( Active Phase), cervix dilates 4 to 8 cm. Contractions may be 40­80 seconds long and 2 to 4 minutes apart. could have crowning. • Stage 3( Transition Phase)­ Pressure in rectal area , or hiccups,  mild contractions, placenta  delivered. repairs 4 Thursday, February 11, y • Stage 4­ recovery, shaking, possible after pains, hunger, perineal discomfort, possible difficult urinating. Temperate regulate. A lot of rest, proper nutrition . High Risk Pregnancies  • Maternal factors­ Different blood type, mothers water breaking prematurely.  • Infant factors­ Breech delivery , birth defects, prematurity or post maturity, multiple  pregnancies. Point to Remember  • 90% of all children are born without incident ( Batshaw & Perrot, 1992). 5 Thursday, February 11, y Movie Notes ­ What constitutes as a serious deficiency in a child health in extreme cases of aborting. ­ Don’t take the test lightly.  ­ Think about the risks and repercussions at the certain age you are before engaging in getting  pregnant.  ­ Controversial topics of what is better having a healthy child or knowingly participating in  hospital trips and treatment.  ­ Genetic counselor­ undo the presumptions people have.  ­ Turner syndrome­ short, infertile, only have one x chromosome, diabetes and heart  abnormalities.  ­ Inversion that affects a gene. Fetus has it parents done have it. Change in the genetic material  and an increase chance there is a problem. Don't have sufficient data possible baby could have mental retardation.  ­ In one example a women had a late term abortion. She didn't want the burden of raising a  child with possible defects and abnormalities ­ US representative­ speaks about how the federal dollars are going to these genetic testing.  6


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