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Psychology Week 1 Notes

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by: Julia Breen

Psychology Week 1 Notes General Psychology

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Psychlogy > General Psychology > Psychology Week 1 Notes
Julia Breen

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About this Document

These notes are from Jan 27 & Jan 29
General Psychology
Professor Jeff Holmes
Class Notes
25 ?




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1 review
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"I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Julia!!!"
Colby Steuber

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Breen on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to General Psychology at Ithaca College taught by Professor Jeff Holmes in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


Reviews for Psychology Week 1 Notes

Star Star Star Star Star

I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Julia!!!

-Colby Steuber


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Psychology - Week 1 Notes The Roots of Psychology - Philosophy • provides the questions • uses logical reasoning • Descartes - Dualism - two ideas in dualism • mind & body - Physiology • provides the method (scientific) - designed to be self corrected - systematic observation - Wundt (1879) - first psychology lab Early Theoretical Perspective - structuralism -> cared about the structure “building blocks” of consciousness • - trying to find the idea • Introspection (Wundt) - look inward - think about your thoughts - learn about yourself but not about others - Functionalism -> cared about the purpose • purpose of consciousness • William James -> assumed we would evolve 1 Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Later Theoretical Perspective - Psychoanalytic Theory (freud) There are things going on in our mind that we don't realize that make us choose something • unconscious influences • • controversial but influential - Behaviorism • Observable behavior & environment (stimulus -> response) - stimulus comes from environment - response comes from brain/person -> what happens to the person after the stimulus • John Watson -> caused animal research - tried to train Lil Albert & cause fear - associated noise with the toy -> caused child to get scared if white rat been when there was no noise when he saw the rat Skinner -> role of environment • - psychologist should study behavior because you can see it - you do what you do because of the past & our environment - Humanism -> positive • freedom, personal growth, self- concept • optimistic - human potential • Rogers & Maslow 2 Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Later Perspectives • Cognitive Psychology -> mental processes , what goes on inside - Cognitive revolution - 1950’s - renewed interests in consciousness - thinking , memory, language , etc. • Biological Psychology - link between physiology & psychology - brain function & their experiences Research Methods in Psychology - scientific method of human behavior • The Scientific Approach - Goals of the scientific method • Measurement (operational definition) -> prediction -> control 1. what operations are you using to measure something ? 2. use measurement to predict something 3. applied treatment that can change the situation , find something to change or fix the problem • Experimental Research - manipulation of a variable (conclusions about CAUSE and effect) independent variable (IV) -> whats done to the participants • • dependent variable (DV) -> whats the outcome • experimental group -> group that has the medication/item • control group -> doesn’t have the item/medication - extraneous variables -> something else that can effect the outcome • extra stuff that can effect your dependent variable besides the variable - ex : amount of sleep , alcohol tolerance , driving ability • random assignment - 3


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