Trying Out One's New Sword and The Challenge of Cultural Relativism
Trying Out One's New Sword and The Challenge of Cultural Relativism PHL 2008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 2008 at High Point University taught by Thaddeus M. Ostrowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Social Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at High Point University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Thomas Nelson I Moral Isolationism 0 Isolated by culture 0 Believe that one should not judge other cultures because it is not own culture therefore can t understand it 0 Then try to get you to understand so you make a positive judgment 0 Midgely says this idea is inconsistent and selfcontradictory I If you can t judge negatively you shouldn t judge positively either I If you can t judge others you can t judge your own because there is nothing to compare it to I Different cultures have different moral codes 0 Callatians ate the bodies of their dead fathers and Greeks cremated the dead I Both found the other as insane 0 Eskimos practice infanticide I As a way to protect the rest of the infants gt Didn t have the resources for all infants 0 Our own way of living seems natural and right so it becomes hard to understand any other way of living I There is no objective standard that can be used to judge one societal code better than another I Our own moral code has no special status it is just one of many I There is no universal trut in ethics I The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society I We should judge the conduct of other people we should grow tolerance I Conclusion does not follow from the premise 0 Just because two different cultures may have two different beliefs it doesn t necessarily mean that neither one is correct I Earth being at or spherical gt it is spherical I 3 consequences of Cultural Relativism 0 We couldn t say that customs of other societies are morally inferior to our own Can t judge at all 0 We would decide whether actions are right or wrong just by consulting the standards of our society the dominant view would be the right thing 0 The idea of moral progress is called into doubt because there is no standard for progress since we can t judge I Cultures do not differ as much as it appears 0 Difference is in our belief systems not in our values I Dead souls inhabiting animals example I Common values of all cultures that are necessary for existence 0 Protect their infants Thomas Nelson 39 Culture would die out if they didn t protect its infants 0 Telling the truth 39 Communication would become obsolete because you couldn t trust anything anyone said O Prohibition of murder I No one would feel secure gt Everyone becoming as selfsufficient as possible gt Culture would die out 0 2 positive things about Cultural Relativism 0 It warns us about the danger of assuming that all our preferences are based on some absolute rational standard 0 Makes us keep an open mind
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