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Class Notes 3: The Executive Branch

by: Savannah Tucker

Class Notes 3: The Executive Branch PS 101

Marketplace > University of Kentucky > Political Science > PS 101 > Class Notes 3 The Executive Branch
Savannah Tucker

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About this Document

These are the class notes for the Executive Branch, anything not found here can be found in the Module 4 Notes.
American Government
Stephen Voss
Class Notes
American Government, Voss, PS101, political science
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Tucker on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 101 at University of Kentucky taught by Stephen Voss in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Kentucky.

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Date Created: 02/10/16
Wednesday, February 10, 2016 The Executive Branch Models of Presidential Leadership Many models of leaderships were considered before the Executive branch was really decided on as far as who the President should be to the people of the U.S. Art.II Sec. 1 - The executive power shall be vested in president of the United States of America. This is very vague, what exactly does that mean? A clerk? -> “Executive” Secretary A leader? -> Chief “Executive” Officer. As a compromise, the article was sent to committee where they decided that the President would be a little bit of both. They would be involved in policy making but could not pass laws himself. Combines clerk and Leadership roles. Over time: The President is more of a leader. Article II Section 2 Paragraph A Barely over 1000 words. The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States. We might have two Presidents, one who rules domestic policy, and one who rules foreign policy. Congress is often more lenient with foreign policy. Military decisions do affect us here domestically. Economically (taxes to fund the military, where products are manufactures), military bases in cities (a lot of money for the city). He may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices 1 Wednesday, February 10, 2016 He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment. He shall have the power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senate present concur. He shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public members and consuls, judges and Supreme Court, and al other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper. The President shall have the power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions with shall expire at the end of their next session. Used by President Obama to appoint those who would not be approved. Section 3 He shall from time to time give the Congress information of the state s of the union. State of the Union Address And recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient Invitation to the President to recommend legislation. Much easier to do when the Congress is the same party as the President. He had minor influence over when the Congress and House get together He shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers Very controversial because the congress has taken this power upon itself. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed He may interpret the law anyway he wants to though. Congress can overrule this by passing a new law, but it does not usually happen successfully. He can commission officers of the United States Veto - Presidential power to knock down a law passed by congress, can be overridden but it is very difficult. 2 Wednesday, February 10, 2016 Bill Clinton vetoed the Welfare Reform in the 1990’s Some Presidents, such as Obama, have been criticized for their excessive use of Unilateral Executive Action. Obama has used more Unilateral Executive Actions than any other President of the United States. A Tradition of Weak Presidents 1789-1828 - Experimental Period Period during which we were still trying to figure out how the President is supposed to rule. The Legislative Branch was strong. Thomas Jefferson (Democrat) - uses Unilateral Executive Action to buy the Louisiana Purchase, he feels bad about it. 1828-1836 - Jackson Administration The Legislative Branch is still strong, there is a sex scandal in his administration, Personal Power used to construct mass parties. 1836-1901 State of Courts and Parties Execution: Abraham Lincoln, war dictator. 1901 - 1920 Progressive Presidents Stronger Executive Branch, more powerful presidents 1920-1932 The Jazz Age The Great Depression makes Americans think about how the Government was being run. They needed political action, Hoover (the last Depression president) was targeted). Republicans are swept out of the Congress and the White House. FDR is elected, serves for 4 Terms. He changes what the Presidency is supposed to be completely. President now has many jobs: • Commander in Chief • Symbol of the Nation: like a King 3 Wednesday, February 10, 2016 • Media Celebrity • Mourner-in-Chief • Policy Initiator: like a Prime Minister • Must “hit the ground running” why? Because if it doesn't happen now, it might not happen. • Honeymoon ends - popularity drops. • Retrospective elevation:popularity subject to forces outside one’s control. • Voters vote depending on how well the party is doing. Midterm loss common • Congress usually loses seats of the same party as the President after 2 years. • • Judged by their first 100 Days • Tradition that started with FDR. • Party Leader: Fundraising and coattails (when a president is elected, other members can grab his coattails and be dragged in with him; the same can be said if he goes down). • Bureaucrat-in-Chief: Head of the Executive Branch Very High Expectations There is a huge expectation gap between the Constitution and the social expiation, and can lead to huge conflicts. President <WHO (White House Office) & advisors < EOP (federal bureaucracy) 4


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