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Abnormal Psychology Notes 2/10

by: Cali Hagen

Abnormal Psychology Notes 2/10 PSYCH 351

Cali Hagen

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About this Document

Covers the humanistic, family system, and multicultural models as well as the beginning of the assessment of abnormal behavior
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
Psychology, abnormal
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cali Hagen on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 351 at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point taught by Magyar-Moe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
2/10/16  Humanistic o Source – internal: incongruence between self and experiences o Treatment – nondirective reflection, no interpretation, providing unconditional positive  regard, increasing congruence between self and experience o Need to have good therapeutic bond   Genuiness  Trustworthiness  Unconditional positive regard  See the value of the person   Connect on basic human level  Family systems o Source – external: faulty family interactions o Treatment – family therapy involving strategies aimed at treating the entire family, not  just the identified person o Not seen as a problem with an individual, problem with the family  The disease is a symptom/side effect of the family  Multicultural o Source – culture conflicts and oppression o Treatment – understanding of minority group experiences, social system intervention o Cultural identities and the environment they live in o Experience pathology due to who they are as a person  Oppression   Discrimination  Integration is important o Use multiple models o Best choice of action – an interactionist perspective: what treatment, by whom, is most  effective for this individual with that specific problem, under what set of cirumstances Chapter 3: Assessment of Abnormal Behavior  Assessment – the process of gathering information and drawing conclusions about the traits,  skills, abilities, strengths, emotional functioning, and psychological problems of the individual,  generally for use in developing a diagnosis  The Power of Labels & Naming ­ Negative Effects of Diagnostic Labeling  Miscommunication  Shared meaning assumption – verbal shortcuts allow miscommunication  to go unnoticed  Consider the case of Borderline Personality Disorder: o 5 of 9 symptoms  Labels are only starting points!  Same diagnostic label, but have different function in everyday life o Believe stereotypes about the disease  Deindividuation/Dehumanization   Labels create in­groups (i.e., those with mental illness) and out­groups  (i.e., those without mental illness)  Fail to see differences amongst those labeled (the in­group); emphasize  differences amongst those labeled and not labeled (the out­group) A label can predispose people to interpret all activities of the affected  individual as pathological.   Consider the language often used to describe people with various  mental illnesses!   People – First Language  Beyond Political Correctness  Beyond Kindness  Reduces Bias and Dehumanization  Potential to Save Lives!  Self­Fulfilling Prophecy  Labels influence how others treat the person with the label as well as  how the person who is labeled comes to view him/herself.  On Being Sane In Insane Places (Rosenhan, 1973) o Grad students got into mental hospital o Told personal details truthfully o Act normal in the hospital – deny voices o Voices say “bump” and “thud” o All 7 were admitted for average of 19 days o Sanity wasn’t detected by hospital staff, but the other patients  did   Clinicians and clients succumb to this prophecy when they highlight that  which is consistent with the deviant label (that which is negative) and  ignore that which is not consistent (that which is positive) = Negative  collaborative illusion          What Do You See? ­ Duck/rabbit drawing ­ Can’t look for problems ­ Look for strengths and resources  Positive Effects of Labeling ­ Validation/Normalization  Know that you aren’t the only one feeling like this ­ Treatment Planning ­ Insurance Coverage ­ When labeling the positive/strengths – self­fulfilling prophecy works as an asset!  Defining mental health ­ Absence of mental illness does not equal the presence of mental health ­ More to mental health than repairing damage or fixing what is broken ­ Also need to consider building positive emotions, strengths, and nurturing what is best  Reconceptualizing Therapy Outcomes ­ Want to be above the baseline/neutral ­ Don’t want just absence of symptomology  ­ Use the high­subjective well­being symptoms  Baseline = incomplete mental health: languishing   Ex. soccer mom  Below baseline – complete mental illness: floundering or incomplete mental  illness: struggling  Struggling = Special Olympic contestants   Above baseline – complete mental health: flourishing  ­ Categories are fluid  Case Examples ­ What type of person might fit into each of the categories of the Complete State Model? ­ Winnie The Pooh Characters  Based on Shea et al., (2001) = all are affected by mental illness or psychosocial  problems and all are labeled negatively with strengths and resources being  ignored/overlooked/explained away:


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