Abnormal Psychology Notes 2/10
Abnormal Psychology Notes 2/10 PSYCH 351
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cali Hagen on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 351 at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point taught by Magyar-Moe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
2/10/16 Humanistic o Source – internal: incongruence between self and experiences o Treatment – nondirective reflection, no interpretation, providing unconditional positive regard, increasing congruence between self and experience o Need to have good therapeutic bond Genuiness Trustworthiness Unconditional positive regard See the value of the person Connect on basic human level Family systems o Source – external: faulty family interactions o Treatment – family therapy involving strategies aimed at treating the entire family, not just the identified person o Not seen as a problem with an individual, problem with the family The disease is a symptom/side effect of the family Multicultural o Source – culture conflicts and oppression o Treatment – understanding of minority group experiences, social system intervention o Cultural identities and the environment they live in o Experience pathology due to who they are as a person Oppression Discrimination Integration is important o Use multiple models o Best choice of action – an interactionist perspective: what treatment, by whom, is most effective for this individual with that specific problem, under what set of cirumstances Chapter 3: Assessment of Abnormal Behavior Assessment – the process of gathering information and drawing conclusions about the traits, skills, abilities, strengths, emotional functioning, and psychological problems of the individual, generally for use in developing a diagnosis The Power of Labels & Naming Negative Effects of Diagnostic Labeling Miscommunication Shared meaning assumption – verbal shortcuts allow miscommunication to go unnoticed Consider the case of Borderline Personality Disorder: o 5 of 9 symptoms Labels are only starting points! Same diagnostic label, but have different function in everyday life o Believe stereotypes about the disease Deindividuation/Dehumanization Labels create ingroups (i.e., those with mental illness) and outgroups (i.e., those without mental illness) Fail to see differences amongst those labeled (the ingroup); emphasize differences amongst those labeled and not labeled (the outgroup) A label can predispose people to interpret all activities of the affected individual as pathological. Consider the language often used to describe people with various mental illnesses! People – First Language Beyond Political Correctness Beyond Kindness Reduces Bias and Dehumanization Potential to Save Lives! SelfFulfilling Prophecy Labels influence how others treat the person with the label as well as how the person who is labeled comes to view him/herself. On Being Sane In Insane Places (Rosenhan, 1973) o Grad students got into mental hospital o Told personal details truthfully o Act normal in the hospital – deny voices o Voices say “bump” and “thud” o All 7 were admitted for average of 19 days o Sanity wasn’t detected by hospital staff, but the other patients did Clinicians and clients succumb to this prophecy when they highlight that which is consistent with the deviant label (that which is negative) and ignore that which is not consistent (that which is positive) = Negative collaborative illusion What Do You See? Duck/rabbit drawing Can’t look for problems Look for strengths and resources Positive Effects of Labeling Validation/Normalization Know that you aren’t the only one feeling like this Treatment Planning Insurance Coverage When labeling the positive/strengths – selffulfilling prophecy works as an asset! Defining mental health Absence of mental illness does not equal the presence of mental health More to mental health than repairing damage or fixing what is broken Also need to consider building positive emotions, strengths, and nurturing what is best Reconceptualizing Therapy Outcomes Want to be above the baseline/neutral Don’t want just absence of symptomology Use the highsubjective wellbeing symptoms Baseline = incomplete mental health: languishing Ex. soccer mom Below baseline – complete mental illness: floundering or incomplete mental illness: struggling Struggling = Special Olympic contestants Above baseline – complete mental health: flourishing Categories are fluid Case Examples What type of person might fit into each of the categories of the Complete State Model? Winnie The Pooh Characters Based on Shea et al., (2001) = all are affected by mental illness or psychosocial problems and all are labeled negatively with strengths and resources being ignored/overlooked/explained away: