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General Psych - Week 2 Notes

by: Julia Breen

General Psych - Week 2 Notes General Psychology

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Psychlogy > General Psychology > General Psych Week 2 Notes
Julia Breen

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About this Document

These notes were covered during Week 2
General Psychology
Professor Jeff Holmes
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Breen on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to General Psychology at Ithaca College taught by Professor Jeff Holmes in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Psychology Correlation Coefficients - relationship between variable • range from -1 to +1 • magnitude • direction • prediction - once you know things are associated then you can predict Evaluating Research - common errors in research • sampling bias (sample vs population) - the sample in someway doesn't look like the population • placebo effect - based off deception • distortions in self-report (survey) data - eg. social desirability bias • when you change your behavior to look a certain way , to look socially desirable • experimenter bias -> when the experimenter has a certain assumption about the experiment - double - blind procedure • participant who is handing the medicine doesn’t know which variable it is 1 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 2 Friday, February 5, 2016 Psychology - Learning -> nurture conditioning • - ex : flinching when someone puts a ballon in your face because in the past you had a ballon pop in your face - Classical Conditioning “Pavlovian conditioning” • - associating noise with food • ex: using a machine can opener to feed the dog , overtime the dog hears the can opener an associates food with the noise. the dog is then trained to think its feeding time when the sound comes on. • unconditioned means unlearned • fears & phobias • extinction - learned association is going away ex : have a shower that burns you when the toilet is flushed . the person • moves and then during the shower the toilet flushes again. the person flinches but the water doesn’t change . the person still associates the toilet flushed with the burning water in the shower . • spontaneous recovery - just because the behavior isn’t following the flinch doesn’t mean that the memory of flinching is gone • ex : in a car crash and hears gravel then couple months or years later when the person hears the gravel they remember the moment of the car crash. • stimulus generalization - ex : if the dog responding to the can opener and other noises that sound similar to him eating then he will 1 Friday, February 5, 2016 • stimulus discrimination - ex : knocking beads in the floor and the dog thinks that the food is going in their bowl . if the kid kept on knocking beads down the dog will realize over other times that it is just beads and not food and then not come running in the kitchen anymore . • higher-order conditioning - ex : teacher tells you to take out a piece of paper and put everything away . this causes the students to get nervous and think that there is a pop quiz coming up because they heard pop quiz in the past and it caused fear. 2 Psychology February 1st, 2016 Experimental Research - extraneous variables • confounding variables -> - third variable -> there could be something else that is causing this . There is no experiment to prove • tabacco & cancer Correlational Research (non-experimental) -> not randomly assigning - measurement and observation (no manipulation) • just measuring , not controlling it - Types of correlational research • naturalistic observation • case studies - in-depth study of one person - can’t generalize it surveys •


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