Psych 410 Chapter 2 notes
Psych 410 Chapter 2 notes PSYC 410 002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Hart on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 410 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Jeffrey C. Schatz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Survey of Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Psych 410 notes: Chapter 2 Models of Mental Health: Etiology and Treatment: Models of Etiology o Simple models o Complex/integrative models Models of Treatment o Simple models Descartes and dualism o Separate mental processes and Physiological processes o Behavior is influenced by both of these Materialism o Physiological processes are responsible for behavior and mental processes. Integrative models o Levels of analysis Multiple ways to look at the same thing. Different perspectives work better for different things What is the role, purpose, or function of the behavior? Ex Cultural anthropology How is behavior organized? Behavioral analysis How is the behavior implemented? Neuroscience Biopsychosocial model o Diathesisstress models o Genetic level o Stress induced which can cause genes to act up o “Triggering” Developmental psychopathology o Developmental view of mental health conditions and maladaptive behaviors o Risk factors o Concept of resiliency/ protective factors o Focus on prevention Psychopharmacology o Modern biological model of treatment o Psychiatric drugs effect the way synapse work o Specific shortterm effects of drugs o Potential longterm effect of drugs o Treatment is related to Specific neurotransmitter function Drug effect on the synapse Longterm changes to synapse Don’t know a lot of longterm effects Action potential: the electrochemical process o In the synapse o Reuptake = recycling o Presynaptic terminal produces the neurotransmitters o Neurotransmitters go into the postsynaptic receptors o Some medications close some receptors or stop a specific neurotransmitter. Complex effects of drugs o Neurotransmitter systems adapt and interact Negative feedback: system tries to counter drug effect Change one NT, and other NT systems are eventually altered. o Adaptions can take weeks to months o 1A: Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) o Social relationships are the major source of stress and support in managing stress. o Focused on Interpersonal disputes EX: fighting with mother Role transitions EX: relationships change overtime o When someone doesn’t cope with the role change Grief and loss Interpersonal sensitivity o Intervention is informed by Attachment theory Communication theory o Patienttherapist relationship is deemphasized 1B: Humanistic Psychology o Carl Rogers focused on the therapeutic relationship o Core conditions for therapeutic change Genuineness Empathy Unconditional positive regard EX: a mother continuously loving their child no matter what happens. Basis for what is now called “common factors” or “general factors”. 2: Four major areas of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) o Counterconditioning Condition them to do the opposite of what they do already If someone has fear when they public speak, then you have to replace their fear with calmness. o Operant conditioning Reinforcement and punishment Reinforcement Anything that gets someone to continue to do an act. Punishment Anything that makes someone stop doing an action. ExtinctionWhen a behavior/ conditioning is not followed through and stops happening. o Social learning We can learn through observation alone. Behavioral techniques can be adapted to take advantage of social learning. Selfefficacy beliefs are critical for behavior change. o Cognitive Therapies Schema beliefs you have How you make sense out of the world Ellis and Beck ABC technique Action Belief Consequence Selffulfilling prophesy If you think everyone is a dick to you, then you may be doing things that make peoples act like that, which fulfills your schema. o Newer/ Hybrid Therapies Motivational interviewing Emphasizes rapport/ relationship building and listening skills of humanistic psychology Emphasizes client autonomy and competence Emphasizes techniques to improve motivation for change. o Motivation for change is a state, not a trait. Acceptance/Commitment Therapy A CBT method AcceptanceRecognize the negative or uncomfortable situation without attempting to change it, protest, or escape. Mindfulness Self regulating one’s attention; increasing one’s openness to experiences.
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