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Psych 410 Chapter 2 notes

by: Molly Hart

Psych 410 Chapter 2 notes PSYC 410 002

Molly Hart

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About this Document

These notes are from chapter 2!
Survey of Abnormal Psychology
Jeffrey C. Schatz
Class Notes
psych, Abnormal psychology, chapter 2, treatment, Mental Disorders
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Hart on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 410 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Jeffrey C. Schatz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Survey of Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Psych 410 notes: Chapter 2 Models of Mental Health: Etiology and Treatment:  Models of Etiology o Simple models o Complex/integrative models  Models of Treatment o Simple models  Descartes and dualism o Separate mental processes and Physiological processes  o Behavior is influenced by both of these  Materialism o Physiological processes are responsible for behavior and mental processes.  Integrative models o Levels of analysis  Multiple ways to look at the same thing.  Different perspectives work better for different things  What is the role, purpose, or function of the behavior?  Ex Cultural anthropology  How is behavior organized?  Behavioral analysis  How is the behavior implemented?  Neuroscience   Biopsychosocial model o    Diathesis­stress models o  Genetic level o Stress induced which can cause genes to act up o “Triggering”  Developmental psychopathology o Developmental view of mental health conditions and maladaptive  behaviors o Risk factors o Concept of resiliency/ protective factors o Focus on prevention  Psychopharmacology o Modern biological model of treatment o Psychiatric drugs effect the way synapse work o Specific short­term effects of drugs  o Potential long­term effect of drugs o Treatment is related to   Specific neurotransmitter function  Drug effect on the synapse  Long­term changes to synapse  Don’t know a lot of long­term effects  Action potential: the electrochemical process o In the synapse o Re­uptake = recycling o Pre­synaptic terminal produces the neurotransmitters o Neurotransmitters go into the post­synaptic receptors o Some medications close some receptors or stop a specific  neurotransmitter.  Complex effects of drugs o Neurotransmitter systems adapt and interact  Negative feedback: system tries to counter drug effect  Change one NT, and other NT systems are eventually altered. o Adaptions can take weeks to months o    1A: Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) o Social relationships are the major source of stress and support in managing stress. o Focused on   Interpersonal disputes  EX: fighting with mother  Role transitions  EX: relationships change overtime o When someone doesn’t cope with the role change  Grief and loss  Interpersonal sensitivity o Intervention is informed by   Attachment theory  Communication theory o Patient­therapist relationship is de­emphasized  1B: Humanistic Psychology o Carl Rogers focused on the therapeutic relationship o Core conditions for therapeutic change  Genuineness  Empathy  Unconditional positive regard  EX: a mother continuously loving their child no matter what happens.  Basis for what is now called “common factors” or “general  factors”.  2: Four major areas of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) o Counterconditioning   Condition them to do the opposite of what they do already  If someone has fear when they public speak, then you have to  replace their fear with calmness. o Operant conditioning  Reinforcement and punishment  Reinforcement Anything that gets someone to continue to do an  act.  Punishment Anything that makes someone stop doing an action.  ExtinctionWhen a behavior/ conditioning is not followed through and stops happening. o Social learning  We can learn through observation alone.  Behavioral techniques can be adapted to take advantage of social  learning.  Self­efficacy beliefs are critical for behavior change. o Cognitive Therapies  Schema beliefs you have  How you make sense out of the world  Ellis and Beck  ABC technique  Action Belief Consequence  Self­fulfilling prophesy  If you think everyone is a dick to you, then you may be  doing things that make peoples act like that, which fulfills  your schema. o Newer/ Hybrid Therapies  Motivational interviewing  Emphasizes rapport/ relationship building and listening  skills of humanistic psychology  Emphasizes client autonomy and competence  Emphasizes techniques to improve motivation for change. o Motivation for change is a state, not a trait.  Acceptance/Commitment Therapy  A CBT method   AcceptanceRecognize the negative or uncomfortable  situation without attempting to change it, protest, or escape.  Mindfulness Self­ regulating one’s attention; increasing  one’s openness to experiences.


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