Popular in The History of the United States to 1877
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ausley Beane on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH2010-0002 at Florida State University taught by Tarah Luke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see The History of the United States to 1877 in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
American History Tarah Luke Midterm Study Guide (Key concepts) This is an overview of the key concepts from class o Samuel Parris ü Minister and father of Elizabeth Parris (she and Abigale Williams were the first two girls who started having strange fits which essentially started Salem witch trials) ü He asked the doctor why the girls were having the fits and the doctors only thought was that they were under an evil hand and has the girls give the names of who is bewitching them. o Spectral evidence ü Information that is given from ghosts. Basically the girls told them that ghosts in the shape of people who were afflicting them had appeared and done it ü For example, the young girls had said that Bridget Bishop (a woman who was on trial and found guilty) had given up her image to the devil to use it to appear to the afflicted girls o counter magic ü In attempts to defend themselves they had counter magic. They believed they could block the magic and it was designed to inflict damage on a bewitched object o “cunning folk” ü People who offer protection against witchcraft and heal people. They helped solve the problem theoretically because cunning folk could harness their skills for to help or destroy those who crossed them. o malevolent neighbors ü A neighbor who you have “history” with. An example in class was neighbor a asks neighbor b for a place to stay for a little bit, neighbor b turns down a and b feels guilty and neighbor a gets angry with neighbor b. neighbor a is swearing to get even with neighbor b… now any misfortunes that occur to neighbor b is going to be blamed on neighbor a o afflicted girls ü People of the time did not really understand why the girls were reacting the way they did. Historians think that they might’ve been faking because a lot of the accused were on bad terms with the girls family. We cannot say it is just about revenge because it might have also been a way for the girls to gain power in a society where they were essentially powerless. ü It’s obvious to see that the girls were angry because most of them were orphaned and forced to live with extended families. o Giles Corey/pressing ü Pressing was a torture technique to get people to confess that consisted of placing a piece of wood on a person’s chest (while laying down) and placing rocks on them to essentially crush them. Giles Corey was an accused man and his last words were “more weight!”. ü May be important to note that another technique of torture was called duckling where they would throw the people into the water and if they floated they were witches and if they sunk, they were not (died anyways) o It may be important to note that reason that the Salem Witch Trials occurred was because of the power of religion. At the end we see the end of crazy hardcore religion. o This isn’t a key concept but still may be important… 4 types of evidence 1. Quarrel between accused and afflicted that led to misfortune and sickness 2. Is the accused known as a cunning person? 3. Witnesses used counter magic against their problem and indicated that accused person was the one who was guilty 4. If the accused person hardgenerally suspicious behavior o They also thought that a 3 nipple might have been indication of a person being a witch (witch’s teat)
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