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HIST Notes: Chapters 17

by: Marlee Myers

HIST Notes: Chapters 17 HIST 2010

Marketplace > University of Memphis > History > HIST 2010 > HIST Notes Chapters 17
Marlee Myers
University of Memphis
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

Chapter 17 discusses segregation and immigration during the 1890s after Populism.
the US since 1877
Class Notes
history, segregation, Immigration, Progressive Era, Presidential Election




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marlee Myers on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2010 at University of Memphis taught by Marler in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see the US since 1877 in History at University of Memphis.

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Date Created: 02/10/16
Chapter 17: The 1890s after Populism The Segregated South A. Disfranchisement = loss of voting rights  Populism’s threat: more biracial uprisings, so…  Despite 15 Amendment’s clear intent…  Elimination of southern black vote, state by state Ex. poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clause  Vote taken from many unruly poor whites too  Rise of southern white demagogues, like Ben Tillman (South Carolina) and Tom Watson (Georgia). In the midst, the federal government stands down = support of disfranchisement. B. Legalized Segregation (or ‘Jim Crow’)  Supreme court legalizes racial segregation.  Civil Rights Cases (1883): private discrimination ok. In hotels, theaters, railroads, etc.  Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896): government ordered segregation ok too. Plessy was 1/8 black. Could easily pass for white. Bought a first class train ticket. Gets on whites only car. Tells conductor that he is part black. Conductor tells him to leave his seat. Plessy refuses. Plessy is arrested.  “Separate but equal” doctrine (especially public schools)  Justice Harlan’s lone, angry dissent: “Our constitution and our laws are color blind. Justice does not know the color of someone’s skin.” C. Lynching (extralegal murder by mobs)  Over 50 black men a year 1883-1905; 5,000 overall  Casual brutality: violence as carnival, meaning that it was looked at as a game. Huge crowds gathered to watch these men being killed. Kind of like a party. People would take pictures and make them into postcards.  Anti-lynching crusader Ida B. Wells on the “rape” myth D. Racial Uplift & Booker T. Washington  Avoid politics, concentrate on self-advancement  Emphasis on vocational education  “Tuskegee Machine” and GOP patronage E. The Politics of Memory  Civil War as “family quarrel” among white Americans  Slavery sanitized; black Unites States troops forgotten  Schoolbooks rewritten Immigration & the New Nativism A. Growth of immigration from southern and eastern Europe (1890) B. Anti-immigration ideas and laws  Linked to beliefs in “inferior” races  Chinese exclusion C. The American Federation of Labor (AFL)  Samuel Gompers and “business unionism”  Organized labor becomes highly nativist Becoming a World Power A. The New Imperialism  Late 19 century United States a weak global player  Missionaries and military urge expansion  “Yellow press” (newspapers) whips up aggressive patriotism – half truths about situations B. The ‘Splendid Little War’ of 1898  Wrestling Cuba from weakened Spain  Sinking of the USS Maine in the Santiago harbor  Teller Amendment: no formal control of Cuba, but Platt Amendment: US asserts right to intervene at any time  Spain’s Pacific empire too: Philippines, Guam  Hawaii also annexed in 1898  US decision to occupy Philippines = anticolonial war  Rationalized as “civilizing” the Filipino people C. Citizens or Subjects, Republic or Empire?  Anti-Imperialist League formed  Establishment figures: ex president Cleveland, Carnegie  Empire seen as contrary to American ideals of self government  Pro-empire view: uplift for ‘backward’ peoples  Linked to march of ‘Anglo-Saxionism  No contradiction: exporting the ‘gospel of liberty’  Questioning United States foreign policy was treason


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