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Week Two Notes

by: Madalynne Lewis

Week Two Notes ART 320

Madalynne Lewis
GPA 3.65
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Ancient Greek Art and Architecture Week Two Notes
History of Ancient Greek Art and Architecture
Rebekah Perry
Class Notes
Ancient Gree Art Architecture History




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madalynne Lewis on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 320 at Oregon State University taught by Rebekah Perry in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see History of Ancient Greek Art and Architecture in Art at Oregon State University.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Ancient Greek Art 320 Notes- Week 2 Art History- The study of works of art and buildings as cultural artifacts Analyzing Art and Architecture: What? Where? When? Who? Why? How?: Figural non-architectural monument: what is the medium and architecture? Where and when was a monument made? Date, General Period? Who was the patron of the monument? Who made it? Who was it made for? Why? was the monument made? How was it made and what is it intended for? Discussion between classmates: Black-figure amphora (ceramic vessel) Features Achilles and Ajax ( Mythological figures from the trojan war) Made it Attica (area around athens) Made between 540-530 BC (archaic Period or Greek Art) Artist: Exekias (Potter and Painter) -Made as a luxury item for an upper class athenian or attic patron -could have been used for a household, a symposium or a religious ritual -greeks did not paint historical events, so mythological events probably has metaphorical meanings for them -likely was multi-functional : practical intellectual and decorative function. Amphora was a commodity, workmanship and decoration were inteded as a status symbol by owner. The Bronze Age: Minoans and Mycenaeans Minoan Civilizations c. 3000-1400 BCE, Capitol: Crete Minotaur= Half man, Half Bull -Geographical and natural elements hold spirits -Cult rituals held at Psychro Cave, Crete the supposed birthplace of Zeus Votives- an offering to a deity i.e. sacrifices, statues etc -Light hearted artwork, peaceful 1550-1450 BC Palace complex. -Plan of Palace is popularly known as the labyrinth -4 entrances -rejection of symmetry -no axiality -courtyard provides unifying element -stairwell with table leg columns: columns that tapers as it goes down to the bottom Colonade- row of columns Faience (glazed pottery)- “snake goddess” found at “palace” complex at knossos, 1700-1550 BC Apotropaic- something that is protective or that wards off evil. sexual features warded off evil Fresco- wall painting invovling pigment of plaster, once pigment dries it is bonded to the plaster Minoan figural type- tall, thin, sensuous, curvilinear forms, bright colors, pinched waists other minoan artistic notes: -ornamental patterns, playful, bright colors, stylized human figural type, depictions of religious ritual, animal worship, shallow picture plane. Horns of Consecration-bull horns as decorative ● “Marine Style” octopus flask, Crete, 1500-1450 BC ● Mycenaean (Late Helladic) civilization (antecedents to Greeks) 1550-1100 BCE -culture that Homer wrote about in the Odyssey and Iliad ● Citadel Mycenae, Greece 1600-1200 BC -Lion Gate at Mycenae, Greece Megaron- a great hall or main room of citadels and later influenced Greek temple designs, usually faces south, symmetrical Post and Lintel- type of construction characteristic of Greek architecture. no arches domes or vaults Material Culture-Gold Funerary Masks excavated by Schliemann at Mycenae Mask of Agamenemnon- Gold Repouse funerary. artist hammers out forms from the back very ornate. Composite perspective- every feature is faced from the front.


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