Government 2306: State consitutions
Government 2306: State consitutions GOVT 2306
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Benjamin Galicia on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Iliev in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Government 2306: The Texas Constitution Basis of Government Why do we need it? o Protect the peace, individual liberty and rights o Provide public goods, and goods markets do not provide Social Contracts Solve things bigger than individual Arrangement between members of society Allows order and rules for society and gov’t Constitution is a form of a social contract o i.e. U.S. constitution o Articles of confederation is the original that failed American Experiment Breaks from England…what problems for the new democracy? o No workable currency, system of taxation o War, underfed army o Sectional divides Articles of Confederation Used by national gov’t from rev war until 1789 o Decentralized gov’t o Unanimity in Congress for legislation and decision making o No nat. executive or judiciary, state gets one vote in congress Articles failed o Gov’t cant coordinate due to state independence o States could deny help o No set currency New Constitution After articles failed, gov’t met to create new constitution o Two plans proposed Virginia Plan for large states Two chambers on population Lower voted by people, higher voted by lower Chambers cannot veto state laws, council of revision can veto chambers New Jersey Plan for the smaller states Single Chamber: equal rep. between states Same as Articles with taxing power and regulation of commerce Can veto state Plural executive; court appointed Goals for the constitution o Control groups for peace keeping o Allow states some power o Representation system: Common market, collective action o Certain agents cover out different functions of government Great Compromise o Two Chambers House of Rep: based on pop. Senate: equal rep. for all states o Levy tax in lower chamber o Broad list of powers, needs majority rule for decisions Innovations of the Constitution Checks and Balances: Each branch can check the other National Supremacy: Fed. Law is law of the land Federalism: power divided and shared Nature of State Constitutions Law of state but lesser than federal Can be changed easier than fed. Const. Functions Legitimate political institutions Disperse power through branches and checks and balances Similarities to the US and State Power to the people Three branches with checks and balances Todays constitution Outdated and over amended Micromanaged and easy to amend Benefits and Drawbacks Benefits o No interpretation o Little debate and limits power Drawbacks o Does not adapt well o Hamper policymaking and confusing Amendments 90% proposed only 60% passed 199 out of 238 since 1975 Need majority to pass but low turnout
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