Professional Ethics, Notes Week 5 Part 1
Professional Ethics, Notes Week 5 Part 1 PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Luyet on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1120, Professional Ethics at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Ryan Fanselow in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Professional Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Learning Objectives: i. Be able to define “misleading” ii. Understand what, if anything, morally distinguishes lying from misleading 1. Learning Objective #1 1. Misleading 1. A person P makes a statement that P thinks is true or performs an action 2. P knows that some other person Q is likely to infer something that P thinks is false from the true statement/action 3. P intentionally has to make statement/perform action P believes is true in order to get Q to believe what P thinks is false 2. Is misleading wrong? 1. 4 views: 1. Lying is wrong, but misleading is not 2. Lying and misleading are wrong, but misleading is less wrong than lying 3. Lying and misleading are equally wrong 4. Lying and misleading are wrong, but lying is less wrong than misleading 2. Why could misleading be wrong? 1. People could make poor decisions based on false information 2. people can get hurt 3. it’s a method of taking advantage of people 4. both lying and misleading are forms of deception; just doing different things to produce the same outcome 5. violates autonomy! 1. lying and misleading are equally wrong b/c we gave all the same reasons for why all are wrong (ARGUMENT FOR PARITY): 1. misleading is wrong for all and only those that lying is wrong 2. if one action is wrong for al and only reasons another action is wrong, then those 2 actions must be equally wrong 3. therefore, lying and misleading are equally wrong 2. Learning Objective #2 1. it is much harder to protect yourself from being lied to than being mislead 2. the person being mislead is partially responsible for their own deception in the case of misleading b/c they infer 3. lying directly undermines the purpose of communication in a way that misleading does not. Impossible for us to communicate if everyone lies all the time 4. when you talk, you’re making a promise, so when you lie, you’re breaking a promise. Harder to say the same with misleading case b/c we can’t control others’ minds 1. all these points look in favor of the second view of the lying-misleading relationship in that MISLEADING IS LESS WRONG, BUT BOTH ARE WRONG!
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