March 30 2016 Lecture
March 30 2016 Lecture History 104
Popular in American Civilization Since 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paula Ramirez on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari Frederickson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see American Civilization Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
March 30, 2016 Lecture The Homefront During World War II -300,000 American killed in WWII -war for democracy -tension between fighting for democracy abroad while denying the liberties at home I. The end of the Great Depression: Economic changes -war was won as much on the assembly lines as it was on the frontline -we’re supplying our allies with everything they need to prosecute this war -within 6 months, our economy is producing more than the Axis Powers put together (Germany, Italy, Japan) -By 1942, within one year, we’ve produced 60,000 planes, 45,000 tanks, 20,000 anti-aircraft guns, 8 million tons of ships, huge amounts of other military supplies -Spent more money solely on defense; defense becomes part of our national GDP -By middle of 1942, unemployment, deflation, lack of industrial vitality, virtually vanished; went to a vibrant economy that needs workers -increase in personal income -closure of gap of rich and poor; not completely -war gave boost to union membership II. Changes for American women -jobs needed to be filled since men were going to war -women worked industrial jobs; no longer just a “man’s job” -women in the workforce increased by 50% -women 45-55 saw the greatest increase -little daycare options for working mothers III. Civil liberties in wartime-Japanese internment: Why was it possible? -170,000 Japanese are moved out of their communities following the bombing of Pearl Harbor- internment -No internment in Hawaii; Japanese too important to the economy A. History of discrimination -against Asian people in general -1882: Chinese are singled out & excluded (Chinese Exclusion Act) -1922: U.S. Supreme Court says Japanese are barred from gaining citizenship -1924: National Origins Act; Japanese barred entirely B. Small population -we don’t let a lot in -half are first generation & not citizens -not politically influential C. Geographically vulnerable -geographically isolated - 90% of Japanese-Americans lived on the West Coast D. Less culturally assimilated -tended to live predominantly Japanese dominated communities -tended to be self-employed -because they were barred IV. Chain of events A. Creation of military zones and War Relocation Authority -Feb/March: Government takes action; declare huge spots to be military zones -Government given power to exclude persons from them; towards Japanese neighborhoods B. Curfew -All enemy aliens & Japanese put on curfew from 8pm to 6am -movement is restricted to place of residence unless you go to work; travel within 5 miles of work C. Evacuation -March 1942: order of evacuation given by War Relocation Authority -Japanese & Japanese-Americans given 48 hours to evacuate -bank accounts were frozen; had no money; had to leave possessions -could only take what you could carry with you V. Resettlement: Where did the Japanese go? -Government wanted to move them into the mountain states (Idaho, Colorado, and Wyoming) VI. Confinement: Life in the camps -government run camp -surround by barb wire; guarded by military police -released by government approval -located in desolate, unpopulated areas (California, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, Arkansas, Utah and Idaho) -a family lived in 20x24 barrack; one room -father has no power; bossed by police; no privacy; no personal items -doctors in short supply; school lacked supplies June 1942: Battle of Midway -fear resides of an attack
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