Sociology 2010, Week 6 Notes
Sociology 2010, Week 6 Notes Soc 2010-011
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Stephens on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010-011 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer L. Holland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Social Groups & Organizations Groups are the essence of life Groups of people experience a sense of belonging and interact consistently o Different from category of people Primary & Secondary Primary o Family o Very important o Interact with the most Secondary o Don’t feel as much of a belonging to, can’t interact with as much o Still interact with regularly; important part of your life o Clubs, church, volunteer organizations, class, sports teams, co-workers Reference Groups Group you want to be like Use them as a standard for who you want to be like Can be a group you belong to (i.e. doctors) but usually starts out as a group you aspire to When you’re little you want to be like your parents/siblings o When you’re in middle school you want to be like high schoolers (the cool kids) In-Groups & Out-Groups Group Size o Affects intimacy Most intimate size is 2 o Less intimate as group gets bigger because interactions are not as personal o Long term stability as it gets larger increases o In a group of 2 and 3—very unstable Group of 3—one person may get left out or if two people get in a fight the one is stuck in the middle o As groups get bigger they form cliques Leadership positions—formal structure (i.e. fraternities have executive positions) Diffusion of Responsibility o Leadership Type of leadership affects group Instrumental—task-oriented, get things done Expressive—motivators, boost people up Lassez-Faire—Hands off leader; best with stuff for creativity Authoritarian—all controlling, best for military and in emergencies Peer Pressure & Authority Asch’s Cards o Told whole class but one student that had left the room to choose card 1 instead of card 3. Made the student choose card 1 too even though they had no idea why. (approx. 75% of students did) Bureaucracy Relationships that are characterized by levels Division of Labor Lots of rules, written records, paperwork Impersonal Nature The Rationalization of Society o Today we have become so invested in efficiency we’ve lost the personal touch o Easy and efficient is best
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