Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 5 Notes
Intro to Women's and Gender Studies, Week 5 Notes WGST 1101 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WGST 1101 - 001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Kelly Anne Finley in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Intro to Women's Studies in Women and Gender studies at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Lecture – February 10, 2016 Second Wave Feminism (1960 – 1988) Civil Rights Act Reproductive rights equality in the workplace Equal Rights Amendment equality in education and economics fighting psychological inequality/raising consciousness Pre-Second Wave (1950s) 1955 – Rosa Parks begins bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama and spurs the Civil Rights Movement 1964 – Civil Rights Act is enacted, prohibiting discrimination based upon sex, race, color, religion, and national origin Woman as “Other”, Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1953) quote “The Problem That Has No Name”, Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, (1963) quote 1964 – Second Wave Feminism Civil Rights Movement and Vietnam War protest inspires Women’s Movement NOW (National Organization of Women) Bill of Rights, 1966 Equal Rights Constitutional Amendment Enforce Law Banning Sex Discrimination in Employment Maternity Leave Rights in Employment and in Social Security Benefits Tax deductions for Home and Child Care Expenses for Working Parents Child Care Centers Elimination of Discrimination in Education Anti-Poverty Measures Which Protect Human Dignity The Right of Women to Control Their Reproductive Lives Equal Access to Public Accommodations and Housing Partnership Marriages of Equalized Rights and Shared Responsibilities 1970’s – Peak of Second Wave Feminism 1970 – Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) take shape and is endorsed by many organizations o “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” 1972 – ERA overwhelming approved by Congress and submitted to states for ratification 1972 – Title IX of Education Amendments is passed, prohibiting discrimination on account of sex in most Federally assisted education programs 1973 – Roe v. Wade decision from Supreme Court allowing abortion during first trimester 1974 – Civil Rights Act amended prohibiting sex discrimination in financing, sale or rental of housing, or brokerage services. Also, led by Congresswoman Bella Abzug, Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibiting discrimination based upon sex or marital status is passed 1980s – Second Wave into Third Wave 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor is first female Supreme Court Justice 1982 – ERA defeated with 3 states short to ratify (mostly Southern states) 1984 – Rep. Geraldine Ferraro, first woman named for office on a major party ticket – Marital rape outlawed in New York Third Wave Feminism (1988 – 2010) controlling vote for President (1992) significant legislation/policy gains diversity of Feminisms introduction of trans feminism and pop culture feminism feminism becomes embedded in majority culture Diversity and Pop Culture Third Wave Alice Walker, first African-American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for The Color Purple Riot Grrrl Feminism 1993 – Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) 1994 – Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) “The Beauty Myth” Naomi Wolf, 1991 (quote) “Cultural Criticism and Transformation”, bell hooks, 2006 (quote) Fourth Wave Feminism (2008 – present) “Bad Feminist”, Roxanne Gay (quote) ***all quotes will be posted to Moodle
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