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Theatre 152 Week 2 Notes

by: Becca LeBoeuf

Theatre 152 Week 2 Notes Theatre 152

Becca LeBoeuf

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About this Document

Here are the week 2 notes for class! In these notes, we talked about the definition of performance and so on. I will be uploading notes for this class weekly.
Non Western Theatre
Bryan Vandevender
Class Notes
#Theatre152 #Theatre #NonWesternTheatre




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca LeBoeuf on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Theatre 152 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Bryan Vandevender in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Non Western Theatre in Theatre at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.

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Date Created: 02/10/16
Week 2:    2/8/2016 + 2/10/2016:    ● What is Performance?  ○ In its simplest form. performance involves the execution of actions.  ○ Question​: How does performance differ from everyday actions?  ■ Answer:​ Actions are “doing.” Performing is “showing doing.”    ● Elements of Performance:  ○ Actor​ ­ a person who does something.  ○ Action​ ­ a thing done.  ○ Audience​ ­ witnesses to the thing done.  ○ Arena​ ­ place where the thing is done.  ○ Arrangement​  ­ how the thing itself is spatially and temporally arranged.    ● Performances differ because of a given performer’s…  ○ Objectives​ (what both the actors and audiences expect, the reasons  performances occur).  ○ Organization​ (how actors, audiences, actions, arena,s and internal  arrangements of those elements are organized in relationship to one another).  ○ Consciousness​  (the degree to which actors and audiences are conscious of  each other and their objectives).    ● Schechner’s Continuum:  ○ Play Games Sports Pop Entertainments Performing Arts Daily Life Ritual.  ○ You read this continuum left to right.    ● Typical questions he asks on quizzes:  ○ Who wrote it? Who’s the author?  ○ Setting? Where does it take place?  ○ To what does the title refer?    ● Origins Of Theater ­ Ritual And Indigenous Performance:  ○ The component parts of theatre seem to have developed in all human societies  before recorded history.  ○ What are those component parts? (First five words are defined above)  ■ Actors.  ■ Action.  ■ Audience.  ■ Arena.  ■ Arrangement.    ■ Extraordinary Visual Aesthetic​ marks, makeup, costumes,  properties.  ■ Extraordinary Aural Aesthetic​­ music, sound effects (sing, chanting,  instruments).  ■ Extraordinary Physical Gestur ­ dance, movement, acrobatics.  ■ Story ­ a narrative told through verbal or visual means.    ● All of these component pieces aid in the expression​imetic instinc . ● Mimesis​ ­ derives from the Ancient Greek term meaning to imitate.  ○ Described by Plato (The Republic) and Aristotle (The Poetics).  ○ Carries a wide range of meaning including:  ■ Representation.  ■ Mimicry.  ■ The act of resembling.  ■ The act of expression.  ■ The presentation of self.  ● Mimetic Instinc ­ A compulsion to imitate or represent nature and human behavior ­  often through art, literature, or performance.  ● Evidence​:   ○ Prehistoric cave drawing discovered in France. This image (which could depict a  horned god or man disguised as animal) is believed to be over 16,000 years old.  ○ A bone flute, discovered in a cave in Southwest Germany.  ○ A cave painting, discovered in India.  ○ An Egyptian tomb sculpture    ● Surviving Traditions:  ○ Storytellin:  ■ Tales of Gods, Heroes, and Natural Forces.  ■ Practice that is found in all cultures.  ○ Commemorative Ritual Dramas:  ■ Rabinal Achi (Mayan)​ c. 3000 BCE to present.  ■ Jaguar Dance (Brazil).  ■ Ceremonial Dance (West Africa) healing ceremony and celebration  ceremony.  ■ Buffalo Dance (North American Indigenous Nations): in a celebration  of Thanksgiving, a tribal hunter takes on the spirit of the buffalo.  ■ O­KEE­PAH Ceremony Of The Mandan: ​ retelling of the history of the  madan people from creation to the present.  ■ Sun Dance (North American Indigenous Nations): celebration of  life/death continuity, regeneration. Involves dancing, singing, drumming,  visions, fasting, and self­torture.        ● What Do These Prehistoric Theatrical Performances Share?  ○ All represent a mimetic practice.ALl contain performers, audience, story.  ○ Al contain music, dance, costumes, makeup, and masks.  ○ All contain an element of aesthetic pleasure­­entertainment.  ○ Primary purpose appears to be cultural/social: to heal, celebrate, commemorate,  mourn, worship.  ○ Close association with religious belief and practice­­generally  polytheistic/pantheistic religions.  ○ No association with business/commerce.  ○ Primarily oral tradition­­no written scripts.    ● Written Communication:  ○ Sumerian and Egyptian.  ■ First written document of dramatic performance:  ● Ikhernofret Stone​(Abydos Passion Play; 1868 BCE).  ● Dramatizing Osiris’s death and resurrection.  ■ Threshing Floor (Bassae, Greece).    ● Theatre Of Ancient Greece:  ○ (6th­4th C. BCE) ­ a coalition of city­s: Athens (philosophers), Sparta  (warriors), and Corinth.  ○ Classical Greek Values:  ■ Polytheistic society.  ■ Gods exist in man’s image.  ■ Dynamic relationship between man and Gods, as well as man and fate.  ■ Limited democracy:  ● extending to everyone except for women and slaves.  ■ Male­dominated/patriarchal.  ○ The Olympics ​(776 BCE):   ■ Something the Greek culture gave us.  ■ Only men were allowed to compete.  ■ There were only a select few of sports allowed at this time.  ● Discus thrower  ● Javelin thrower.  ○ Athen Rules:  ■ Develops one of the world’s most influential cultures.  ■ Host most of the religious festivals.    ○ Origins of Greek Theatre:  ■ The Greeks developed music, storytelling, ritual performances, etc.        ○ Dithyrambs, 7th Century BCE:  ■ Presented in honor of the g​ionysus (Bacchus).  ● God of wine, fertility, religious ecstasy.  ● Associated with satyrs, centaurs, serpents, bulls, grapes, ivy, etc.  ● Performed by male choruses.  ● Hymns to Dionysus with an improvised story.  ● Developed into a literary form by the poet Arion.  ■ Dionysia Festival:  ● Peisistratus instituted dramatic contests at the City of Dionysia  Festival in Athens.  ○ 6th century BCE.  ○ Annual spring festival.  ○ Lasted several days.  ○ In worship of Dionysus.  ○ Competitive contests.  ○ Supported by the state and wealthy citizens.  ○ Sacred performances (non­commercial).  ● First recorded winne​:hespis​(534 BCE).    ■ Greek Theatre of the Classic Era, 5th C. BCE:  ● Primarily based in Athens.  ■ Dramatic Literature:  ● Major sources for plays: the epic poetry of Homer and historical  events.  ● 4 major playwrights.  ● 43 extent plays.  ■ Tragedies (there are 34 of them):  ● Aeschylus, 7 (Oresteia).  ● Sophocles, 7 (Oedipus).  ● Euripides, 18 (Medea).  ■ Comedies (there are 11 of them):  ● Aristophanes (Lysistrata).    ■ Tragedy Defined:  ● “Tragedy, then is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete  and of a certain magnitude, in a language embellished with each  kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate  parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; with  incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish  catharsis of such emotions” ­ Aristotle, The Poetics.      ● Aristotle’s Poetics (4th C. BCE).  ○ Six Elements of Tragedy:  ■ Plot (mythos):  ● Structure of incidents.  ■ Character(ethos).  ■ Thought​ (dianoia):  ● Spoken reasoning.  ■ Dictio​(lexis):  ● Language.  ■ Song​ (lexis).  ■ Spectacle(opsis):  ● costumes, scenery, props, masks.    ○ Three Unities of Tragedy:  ■ Time​ the story must last exactly 24 hours.  ■ Place: the story must only have on setting, one place of action.  ■ Action: the story must depict a complete cycle → beginning, middle, and  end.    ○ Classical Tragedy:  ■ The heroes and heroines of classic tragedy tend to be people of high  station: kings, queens, princes, princesses, generals, or other members of  the nobility.  ■ The Word tragedy translategoat song​  ■ Tragic protagonists (one of or the leading character) generally die,  representing a metaphorical/virtual rendering of actual human or animal  sacrifice.  ○ Tragic Chorus:  ■ Tragedy includes a chorus, dialogue written in verse (chanted or sung)  and choreographed movement. 


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