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INR2001 Lecture Notes 2/3/16

by: Kalie Maniglia

INR2001 Lecture Notes 2/3/16 INR2001

Marketplace > University of Florida > Political Science > INR2001 > INR2001 Lecture Notes 2 3 16
Kalie Maniglia

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About this Document

This set of notes covers the lecture material from 2/3/16.
Introduction to International Relations
Nolan,Richard Anthony
Class Notes
INR2001, international relations, UF, University of Florida
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kalie Maniglia on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Nolan,Richard Anthony in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.

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Date Created: 02/10/16
INR2001 Notes 2/3/16  High Politics: Peace & Security  Low Politics: Economics and Welfare o Behaviors to decrease fear contrasted with actions to increase welfare. o If your security is at risk, all other values are at risk  Uncertainty is a characteristic of anarchy o Anarchy is the qualifying condition of all states. o Uncertainty that occurs under anarchy causes states to think about security/ o Result of war is always possible  Serious motivation to states to improve security by taking measures to defend themselves. o Anarchy uncertainty defense  Every State in trying to be secure doesn’t have violent intent  In doing so, causes other states to be alarmed and question sovereignty o Feeling insecure causes states to arm (A & B Cycle)  In the end, they are both less secure.  Unintended outcome; more guns=more violence o Each states intentions are looked at with suspicion  Being unarmed causes states to be preyed on by better armed states. o Nature of states which triggers security dilemma  A wants B to do something they wouldn’t normally do otherwise  EITHER; B overestimates/underestimates importance of the ‘thing’ to A, and therefore arms or doesn’t arm depending on believability of threat.  Really not that important to A and B arms anyways because they believe the threat, A perceives B as being violent and vice versa.  Assumptions made by policy makers o Security is a function of power and power is a function of military capabilities o Threats of violence is more common than actual incidences of violence o In INR, people don’t get what they want by force and coercion  Constant potential for war  Determines who gets what because no ‘international’ government to regulate this like in domestic issues.  War is an instrument of last resort o War is costly o States don’t go to war lightly, they go full out  Fog of War: calculation about cost. Can’t control war; calculated cost becomes a variable when you lose control of war, therefore, outcomes can no longer be calculated and decision making process and no longer considered rational or empirically based. o You can assess what is important to a state based on what they spend their money on (ex. WAR!) o In the U.S. national defense is the highest expenditure. o Nearly all states spend large proportions of revenues on military armament.  Defense Burden= Military Spending/GDP (ratio) o Poor countries have an unfair and disproportional burden o Military spending in the 3 world has increased since the Cold War.  Military Spending Stats: o 1960s-1990s Military Spending was $15 Trillion o Military budgets are ½ of the world’s income rd o 3 world countries spend more on defense that no healthcare and welfare.  High military spending affects other quality of life indicators. rd o 3 world purchases 80% of the weapons in the Global North  2/3 or arms sales were in the Middle East o #1 seller of arms= United States, #2=Russia o #1 purchaser in last 30 yrs.= Saudi Arabia o 1967: Middle East accounts for 11% of arms purchases  1970s: OPEC gets more money in oil discoveries  1967: 6 day war Israel attacks surrounding countries  Change in dynamics and circumstances led to change in amount of new monetary acquisitions spent on arms.


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