Intro to Policing February 08-12
Intro to Policing February 08-12 CJ 210
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erin Swanson on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 210 at University of North Dakota taught by Jason Twede in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro to Policing in Criminal Justice at University of North Dakota.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
February 08-12 Intro to Policing Chapter 4 Notes: COMPSAT: Comparison Statistics: - Clarifies departments goals - Data used to identify problems and evaluate success and failures - Holds managers accountable - Resources and authority are transferred to commanders who oversee specific areas - Problems? If an officer wants to catch all the speeders in a given area all the time, the statistics show that this specific area has a ton of traffic issues, even though that may not be the case. Civil Service: - Formal and legally binding procedures in place to govern personnel decisions - Nearly universal - Issues: o Chief limited in personnel decision o Limits incentives to perform above and beyond what is expected Police Unions: - Collective bargaining: the method of determining conditions of employment through bilateral negotiations - Grievance procedures in place - Strikes are illegal in many states (not all) o Police usually don’t strike by fear of community retaliation (not trusting the cop) - Unions have substantial financial and political resources Theories on Police Organizations: - Contingency Theory: Organizations are structured to achieve specific goals (such as crime control) - Institutional Theory: Organizations operating in relation to their external social and political environment - Resource Dependency Theory: organizations must obtain resources to survive Chapter 5 Notes: Police Work Force: Aspects of the Personnel Process at Different Stages: - Many departments have personnel problem because: o Don’t train recruits o Don’t supervise adequately o Poor evaluation systems o Failure to discipline o Failure to provide career opportunities o Don’t promote best officers Recruitment: - Minimum qualifications - Recruitment effort - Applicants decision to apply Minimum Qualifications: - Age (Usually 21) - Height and weight - Education (82% require high school diploma) - Criminal record - Residency requirement (25% require) Recruitment Effort: - Historically, police departments did not actively recruit - Now, supposed to be open and public recruitment Choosing Law Enforcement as a Career: - Applicant motivations o Help people o Job security o Fight crime o Excitement o Prestige - Barriers to recruitment o Negative image of officers o Traditionally male occupants
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