Professional Ethics, Notes Week 5 Part 2
Professional Ethics, Notes Week 5 Part 2 PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Luyet on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 1120, Professional Ethics at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Ryan Fanselow in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Professional Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Reading Quiz Carson argues that sales people must tell customers every warning about the product that could impact their safety and/or health and answer the questions that customers have about the products. Learning objectives 1. Understand possible moral differences b/w misleading and withholding the truth 2. Distinguish b/w positive and negative duties 3. Understand some of the special problems raised with withholding the truth I. Learning Objective #1 a. Justifications for Withholding the Truth and difference w/ lying i. I did not lie! (when I withheld the truth) ii. lying: a speaker intentionally causes the false belief iii. withholding the truth: allowing someone to have a belief you think is false iv. 4 positions: 1. Misleading is wrong, but withholding the truth is not 2. Withholding the truth is less wrong than misleading 3. Misleading and withholding the truth are equally wrong 4. Withholding the truth is more wrong than misleading v. Argument for Parity: 1. Withholding the truth is wrong for all and only the reasons misleading is wrong 2. If one action is wrong for all and only the reasons another action is wrong, then those 2 actions must be equally wrong 3. Therefore, misleading and withholding the truth are equally wrong vi. Why misleading might be worse than withholding the truth: 1. When you withhold the truth, you aren’t causing the belief; whereas when you withhold the truth, you allow the belief to continue that someone else caused or thought first II. Learning Objective #2 a. Philosophers often distinguish b/w positive and negative duties i. Negative 1. requires you to refrain from doing something a. EX/ don’t kill; don’t steal ii. Positive 1. requires you to do something a. EX/ help others when they need it; develop your talents b. Distinction: if you’re a hermit, you’ll likely perform negative duties well, but you might not do positive ones because it would require leaving the house and doing something Negative Positive Refrain from harming others provide medical assistance Do not lie (cannot be duty to not withhold the interpreted as a positive truth (in other words, you duty in the sense of “tell the can think of this as “the truth” b/c you can just be duty to provide people silent and then you aren’t information) performing any action, but you also aren’t lying) III. Learning Objective #3 a. Continuing the Thesis of Carson i. cannot tell the customer everything about a product that might change the customer’s decision in case of salesperson b/c you have an obligation to your employer as well as you might not know everything about the products you’re trying to sell ii. obligations: 1. CANNOT share info about everything you’d want to know if you were in the customer’s position b/c you’d want to know all the information (ex/the best price!) all pros/consinterferes with the obligation you have to satisfy the employer 2. answer all the customer’s questions as best as you can
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