Theories of Sexuality 2/11/16
Theories of Sexuality 2/11/16 PSY430-01
Popular in Human Sexuality Behaviors
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asia Glenn on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY430-01 at West Chester University of Pennsylvania taught by Deborah Mahlstedt in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality Behaviors in Psychlogy at West Chester University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Theories of Sexuality Biological (biopsychology) • evolutionary Psychoanalytic Behaviorist • social learning Cognitive • Humanistic Feminist Psychology • social construction What would the basic theories (school of thought) explain human sexual behavior? Psychoanalytical: • Freud, • early development stages determine later sexual behavior • unconscious Behavioral: • learned (operant leanring) • BF Skinner • Can only look at • observation,mimicry • aversion therapy, behavior modification • reinforcement and punishment • find what rewards you • imitation • No free will • Social Learning theory ◦ focuses on people around you ◦ watch rewards and punishments from others mimic what is rewarded mimicry: seeing what others do ◦ peer- pressure, families, television Cognitive: • how you hold yourself based on media, stereotypes, schemas. • Process of how others are viewed and relate them to yourself. • sexual language • sharing information • power processes information about sexuality • Store information in schemas • perceiving what happens around us • biggest sexual organ is the brain ◦ what sexually arouses us is what we think arouses us Humanistic • sexual identity takes discovering yourself yourself to find out • discover yourself • sexual behavior is about fulfilling the hierarchy of needs • need to be self actualized sexually ◦ ultimate sexual needs being met ◦ reaching what I want to do and feel sexually ◦ basic needs need to be met ◦ need unconditional positive regard to feel safe to explore need to feel loved • Free Will • Feminist: • maslow’s pyramid; self actualization. • Knowing/ displaying your authentic self and being okay with it. • based on patriarchal forces • oppresses non-heterosexuallity Biological: • based on genes and genetics ◦ percentage of genes determine sexuality • sexuality is predetermined by genes • sexual behavior is a result of anatomical structures and biochemical processes. Evolutionary: • other species practices homosexuality ◦ its natural • adapting ti cultural changes and norms Sociological: • social stigma ◦ how society effects sexuality • dominant and subordinate Queer Theory: • sexual fluidity ◦ mismatching of sex gender desire
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