Week 4 Notes, Intro to Sociology
Week 4 Notes, Intro to Sociology SO 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Liyah Notetaker on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by David Evans in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Aliyah Alexander Intro to Sociology Lecture Notes CHAPTER 3: CULTURE Culture, nature and society are related to one another, but there is a distinction between them. In the US, we have a common and particular culture, also a lot of different cultures. The US has a lot of diversity. We have different regions and states that carry things out differently. When you think about society, you think about social institutions. A society is people who interact with each other. All societies do have culture, usually a common culture. Not all cultures can form a society. We are into a new era. Our societies have changed, not only in the way we do things. Society sets the stage for our life experiences. Society influences who we are. Societies make up our largest and most complex type of groups. There are tons of groups in societies. Hunting & Gathering are the oldest and simple in the society. Very little inequality within this group. No ruler, no personal possessions, no one is wealthy. They have limited property rights and their population stays low. Horticultural & Pastoral Societies start to see a split in variety of directions. Their population starts to grow. Culture starts to emerge. They learned that they could breed animals. They learned that they could grow crops, depending on their environment. Planting would change society. They could grow a garden. It was no longer necessary to abandon their land. Able to sustain a surplus. They would only move if the soil goes out. They started to trade things. They started to see a small societies. Societies developed in areas that didn’t have great growing conditions. Generally they would follow the animals, sometimes they would move around. Start to see politics, gov’t, military and religion starts to emerge. States will also start to develop. Agrarian societies are very similar to Horticultural societies. They now have the invention of Plow. This helps us grow much more. We began to see a lot of social inequality. Agricultural Revolution had Lords and Nobles to start indulging in literature, art, music, etc. It was the birth of Civilization. The family starts to lose significance. We had Feudalism for a while. We had a Caste system at this time. Men were in control of plowing. Women were in control of secondary tasks. You start to see gender differences. Industrial Societies began in 1750. England was the forefront. We started to see the greatest technological changes. We start to have new forms of energy. Ex: Water, power, steam boilers, etc. Religion starts to decline. At the beginning of industrialization, inequality starts to decrease. People started getting educated, especially minority groups. People became more aware of society which led to social reform. We started to transport in trains. The market starts to dictate the price of things. Capitalism allows social inequality to increase. Post Industrial Societies was the production of information by using computer technology. We’re at the point in society where we are getting very advanced, technology wise.
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