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Week 3 Notes

by: McKenzie Larson

Week 3 Notes Musi 502

McKenzie Larson
GPA 3.84

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About this Document

Notes for February 9th and 11th. Haydn and Mozart
Music history
Daniel Beller-McKenna
Class Notes
Music, history, Haydn, Mozart
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by McKenzie Larson on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Musi 502 at University of New Hampshire taught by Daniel Beller-McKenna in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Music history in Music at University of New Hampshire.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
Week 3: Reading for week 3: pages 438-463 February 9, 2016 Vienna: c. 1770-1830 Haydn (1732-1809), Mozart (1756-1791), Beethoven (1770-1827) Symphony in Public Concerts: Surge in public concerts following Liberal (enlightenment) reforms of Emperor Franz Joseph (1780-1790) - Enlightenment ideas influenced politics & culture (primary in France (the enlightenment was rooted in France) and U.S.) - Opened up public spaces to middle-class - Increased audience - Larger halls geared towards instrumental music Haydn: - Hadyn is considered one of the strongest symphonic composers of his time. - His last symphony was London Symphony no. 104 - Changes in symphonic music: - London Symphony No. 104: - unusual characteristics in beginning of first movement: - unison at the beginning: dramatic effect - slow opening, adagio: slow introduction give solemnity to the piece, very dramatic very powerful BUT not the way an Italian opera composer would have written a symphony for their opera earlier in the 18th century. - introduction in minor even though piece is in D major - open intervals String Quartet: - Types of chamber and orchestral genres “a 4” at mid century - String symphonies - disappearance of basso continuo - major characteristic that distinguishes it from previously known chamber groups - working with small ideas, small motifs that appeared in all four parts, using material in small bits, not strung out - “an intelligent conversation amongst four people” - four relatively equal parts - Austrian Tradition of outdoor chamber works: - No keyboard - Serenade/divertimenti W.A. Mozart (1756-1791) - Relatively successful and well known composer for the times - Excelled in all genres and styles, particularly operas and concerti: - Opera, symphony, concerto, ensemble music, keyboard sonata - Like Haydn: - Helped develop the style of the symphony and string quartet - Responsible for bringing Classical style to a higher level - Unlike Haydn: - No steady position - Greater gift for lyrical, voice-like writing in instrumental music - Greater sense of dramatic expression in opera - Mozart was a child prodigy - virtuoso - When he was five the family went on a tour of European cities and were gone for 3 years (age 5-7) - He essentially did “stupid human tricks” - playing blindfolded, etc. which became his reputation (complicated when he got older and couldn’t capitalize) Mozart and Opera: - Reforms of 18th Century: - Comic Opera forms - Intermezzo - Opera Buffa - Opera Seria Reform February 11, 2016 *Watch Don Giovanni on Youtube* Don Giovanni - Mozart - was originally written to be performed in Prague - having excerpts from Marriage of Figaro was a nod to Prague - The action of the opera goes until the last second. W.A. Mozart: *See timeline on slide* - Mozart was realized as a phenomonon at a young age but there was a pattern, an industry in a way of child prodigies touring and performing their skills. - Mozart went to Salzburg to write opera - Tried and failed at finding a permanent position. Mozart and Opera: Vienna: 1781-1791 3 Opera Buffa with Lorenzo daPonte Le nozze di Figaro Don Giovanni Cosi fan Tutte Sinspiel: “a sung play” Entfuhrung aus dem Serail Die Zauberflote Opera Seria La Clemenza di Tito - Every year Mozart rented out a large hall in Vienna and put on a public benefit concert. - This was how composers had their music showcased and promoted. Program would last hours. - Often included his piano concertos which he wrote specifically for his own performances. Mozart and the Concerto - Mozart was known for his concerti because he was a virtuoso performer - Classical concerto - 3 movements - First: Fast - Modified (“double exposition”) sonata form - Remnants of ritornello form - Second: Slow - Lyrical themes - Flexible form - Third: Fast - Lighter in character - Rondo or Theme and Variations most common form - Dance-like rhythms common *Will be continued next week


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