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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to posc 305 at Towson University taught by James H. Glenn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
2/10/16 cs of Growth • economics matter a great deal • attachment to place and community Politics of Governance • immigration has always mattered to cities a great deal • cities are made up of disparate groups often racial and ethnic • recent rise of metro areas complicates governance ** bell curve/normal distribution Growth of Cities Parallel the Growth of Nations….often more so! • immigration has always mattered to cities a great deal • placement of services matters ….because stakes are high • during this time politics change from elite driven to class and ethnicity driven • as you would expect water and access to waterways is crucial to the growth and development of cities • as cities grow, wealth grows ……and signs of wealth appears • when manufacturing takes hold • immigrants flock to America, not always welcomed, they go where jobs are • some groups are favored over others Ability to Govern • various times through 19th century, no full timed uniformed police, fire department and garbagemen • America came form a tradition of limited government • municipal growth expanded for 3 reasons: 1. fear of catastrophe or crisis 2. organization occurred when city economic base was threatened 3. growing middle class became intolerant of conditions once these features were created…cities had to keep them • abilities of cities to address their problems are related to the involvement of the state • 1819 Dartmouth College vs Woodward Supreme Court held that cities are creatures of the state (unlike state relationship with federal government) • state legislatures often took great care to limit the power/presentation of cities in states and federal government ended with Reynolds vs Sims (1964) “one man one vote” 10 Things About Cities 1. Technological Change computers mean people don't have to be in one place 2. International Economics loss of jobs overseas, loss of manufacturing jobs; service industry (suburbs) does well 3. Demographic Trends loss of white population; increase in Hispanic and immigrants; loss of 2 parent households; persistent inequality 4. Metropolitan Growth Winners: service economy, state capitals, high tech Losers: industrial cities, North and South 5. Inequality 6. Problems with technology; migration and changing sectors has increased inequality 7. Immigration in the 80s half of international migrants went to Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, NYC, or Washington D.C. immigrants (who tend to settle in urban areas) are disproportionately low wage jobs 8. Spawl and MIA fewer people are living in cities, more people are living in suburbia and sprawl (online) 9. Internal Migration people are moving to South and West older industrial cities are losing population and the only people who live there are from there the less skilled and less diverse tend to go (and stay) in the heartland 10. Income Inequality and Social Polarization who leaves the cities? who has to stay? 11. Budgets!! budget wide cities are struggling? who is able to leave? who remains? these factors mean there is an increase in tax rates 12. Housing Quality and Affordability housing quality increased affordability fell, allowing more people to purchase homes this is clue to demand and changes in
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