Week 3 notes
Week 3 notes MUCO 120
Popular in History of Rock
Popular in Art
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chris Notetaker on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUCO 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sean K McCollough in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see History of Rock in Art at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Week 3 Notes Country sometimes referred to as hillbilly, started from the ballads of the old English days. The ballads were constant until about the mid 1800’s where bands started to do the very racist Blackface Minstrel Shows. Blackface Minstrel Shows- started in the mid 100’s and there were many after the civil war. The band was made of white men using blackface to make fun of stereotypes of African Americans. They played fiddle and banjo and they were mostly comedic acts. Most minstrel songwriters were from the north and the most famous character of these shows was Jim Crow. Stephen Foster was the most successful minstrel song writer (Ex. “Camptown Races”). Foster was also considered the first great American songwriter. The minstrel shows were also the beginnings of the mixture of white and black culture/music. Before the 1900s, there were only two ways to do that by live shows or by selling sheet music. When Country music was started to be sold, string bands were mostly playing the minstrel songs mentioned before. However instead of making fun of black stereotypes back then the string bands would start to stereotype themselves for comedy. This started the music of hillbilly music with the string bands. If the owners of the record labels or the clubs they were playing at didn’t like the string band’s name they would change it to give it a more hillbilly sounding name. Ex. “Gid Tanner and his Skillet Lickers” st The 1 country recording musician was a fiddle player named Fiddlin’ John Carson. The “Big Bang” of Country music after what are known as The Bristol Sessions. These were recording session started by Ralph Pierre, who was sent from the Victor Record Company to Bristol to tell people about 10 days of recording at a furniture store. The reason for a furniture store is because the record players were considered to be furniture back then not accessories. The Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers were discovered at the sessions. One of the Carter family members, Maybelle Carter, is the mother of June Carter, who later married Johnny Cash. Jimmie Rodgers, who was from Mississippi, helped point music toward the Rock n’ Roll genre. He was a Blues player, who was known as the “Father of Country music”. The songs he played were called blues yodels. Hank Williams- probably the most famous old-time country musician; he was taught by an African-American to sing and play guitar. This brings us to the edge of Rock n’ Roll; the birth of Rock n’ Roll was around 1949 and 1954. Sheet music industry- early sheet music that was sold was mostly sentimental love ballads which were aimed toward young middle/upper class women. Tin Pan Alley Pop- when songs were being played on a piano down an alley full of buildings it sounded like tin pans being hit together. This type of pop was in a lot of Broadway plays and early movies. Ex. Judy Garland “Over the Rainbow” The Wizard of Oz. Professional Songwriter and the birth of the “Crooner”- Irving Berlin was a successful songwriter who wrote “God Bless America” and “White Christmas”. Early singes had to basically yell to be able to sing during live shows, however, soft singing “Crooners” became very popular. An example of a “Crooner” is Bing Crosby who sang “White Christmas”. Polyrhythmic – putting one rhythm over another, came from Africa. Congo Square, New Orleans-one of the only places where actual African Music was being played. African-American musical elements- Rattle and Buzz-Dirtying of the sound of the music being played Improvisation- making up lyrics or music as you go Call and Response- leader calling out a line and the backups calling out the same or different line. Polyrhythms- Multiple rhythms happening simultaneously Rhythmic syncopation- put rhythmic accent onto something else than the downbeat. Downbeat 1 and 3 note. Backbeat 2 and 4 note. Swing feel- Feeling of the beat swinging Blue notes- dissonant notes that exist to create tension; notes between notes Blues Scales- used in almost all music Work Songs were used by slaves to communicate with each other about escaping or revolting and they were mostly Christian songs. The Blues Country Blues- Blues on acoustic instruments. Ex. Robert Johnson aka “The King of the Delta Blues” who was not a popular artist, played the 12 bar blues in an AAB format. Mississippi Delta Blues – very influential to Rock music Black String Bands- mixed together pop, country and blues into their music Ex. Tennessee Chocolate Drops Birth of Jazz was led by Louis Armstrong. Classic Blues- Bessie Smith “Empress of the Blues” and W.C. Handy “The Father of the Blues” The electric guitar created a more modern sound to the blues and influenced greatly Rock today.
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