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Hinduism notes

by: Brooke Kaufman

Hinduism notes Rel 1000

Marketplace > Religion > Rel 1000 > Hinduism notes
Brooke Kaufman
GPA 3.83

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This are the notes for this week's start on Hinduism
Religion 1000
Professor Riggs
Class Notes
Hinduism, Gods, info european, bcd, religion
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
Religion 1000 Tuesdays and Thursdays 2­3:40 Hinduism Part 1  South Asian religion o Islam o Sikhism o Buddhism o Etc.  India region = South Asian region, not Indonesian. Indonesian region = Southeast  Asian region o Afghanistan o Bangladesh o India o Iran o Maldives o Nepal o Pakistan o Sri lanka o Bhutan o Burhma  South Asia has largest concentration of Hindus and Muslims o 1 billion Hindus worldwide o 80% of population in India  Roots are not indigenous to South Asia, nor is the name “Hindu” o “Sindhu”: Sanskrit for “large body of water” (specifically, the Indus river) o “Hindu”: Persian pronunciation of “Sindhu” (C. 550­300 BCE) o “Indus”: Greek pronunciation of “Sindhu” (C. 336­323 BCE)  Greek historian around 440 BCE refers to the land of Indus as “India” o Arabic pronunciation is “Al­Hind” th  19  Century was when people starting using the world “Hindu” to describe  believers of a particular religion  Hinduism comes from: o Indus Valley Civilization (3300­1900 BCE) o Indo European Peoples  Hierarchal society  Organized city  Agrarian economy  Bronze age technology  Uniform bricks   Inter­regional trade with Sumer to the west  Maintained civic organization/uformity not seen again until the  common era  No definite knowledge about their religion, their language, their  ethnicity, and their script was undecipherable  Ended C. 1900 BCE but we have no idea why (options include  flood, famine, war, environmental, influx of money) Religion 1000 Tuesdays and Thursdays 2-3:40 Hinduism Part 2  Indo-European Peoples: o “Indo”: and adjective for India o “European”: people from Europe o Not a racial category but a linguistic category o Nomadic pastoral society o Oral poetry and rituals o Shamanic/priestly class to officiate rituals and sacrifices o Domesticated horse, cattle, and dogs o Peripatetic technology (chariots and wagons) o From Central Asian steppes (great pastureland) o No archaeological record o We know they are from outside of South Asia o Don’t know why they came here o Have a detailed account of their religious practices o Language=primary means for transmission and representation of culture  Shapes how we understand the world  Complex system to interpret human understanding  Represent human centered knowledge  How did they arrive in South Asia? o Chariots o Horses o On foot o Did they invade?  Popular way to expand territory  Had the means and technology to do so o Did they immigrate?  Waves of gradual immigration  Large population shifts in ancient world o Settled in Panjab (Land of Seven Rivers, Sapt Sindhu)  Indo-Euro languages: o English o Greek o Celtic o Indic o Baltic o German o Slavic o Iranian o Albanian o Armenian o Romance  Indo-Arayans: o “Arya”: noble ones (how they referred to themselves) o Not racial category, but a title o Hierarchical society o Domesticated animals (horses were their favorite) o Religion of gods connected with natural elements  Rituals  Sacrifice  Special priests and language  Sanskrit: o Definition: put together, well formed o Dead language o Classical language o Primary language for the Hinduism rituals and sacrifices o Scholarly language of Jainism, Buddhism, and later Hinduism o Not written down until 100 BCE o Not an everyday language  Vedas (1500 BCE) maintained orally during this time o Related to Greek, Latin, English, etc.  Sanskrit in ritual: o Precise pronunciation is a must o Vedic Sanskrit of ritual language not indexical (sound of verse or chant embodies what it says) o To interact with the gods o Language guides the ritual and sacrifices  Verdic period (roughly 1200-1600 BCE)  Vedas: o Some of the oldest religious texts (body of knowledge, in this case not written) in the world o Guides for sacrifices and rituals o Definition: hyms to praise gods o Passed from one another (this is called parma-para) o Considered shruti (sacredly heard)  First heard by the rishis (sages who communicate with the gods to compose visions and knowledge of sacrifice)  Four Vedas: o Rig-Veda  First Veda  Oldest Veda  Hyms o Sam-Veda  Second Veda  Directions on how to sing the hyms o Arthava-Veda  Third Veda  Detailed version of the first veda o Vajur-Veda  How to officiate  Fifth Veda: o Epic stories about India’s mythical past o Mahakharat o Ramayan  Proto-Hindu religious thoughts: o Changing role of different gods tied with nature o Importance of tirual o Practical aspects of sacrifice o Social structure  Old gods or new? o Indra=lightning o Agni=fire (important god, god of sacrifice, messenger god to all the other gods, priest of the gods) o Sama=psychedelic plant o Voyu=wind o Ashvin Twins=horse headed twins o Varuna=water o Ushas=down o No images of gods-represented in poetry  Importance of ritual: o Balances of nature and man in check o Instrumental (specific) o Produces bandhu (knot) to people and gods o Material aspect (we got what we want)  Practical Guide to sacrifice: o Vedic religion was portable o Memorized o No temples o Roles of each person and who is doing what  What do the gods eat? o Livestock o Dogs o Ghi o Grain  Who cuts the meat and how? o Distribution o Cutting o Living body microcosm of universe o Entrails  When and where? o Precise measurement for alters o Events in elite’s lifespan  Elements? o Fire=ghi o Water=bathing o Water=carried stuff to gods o Earth=purified


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