International Relations Notes from Week of 2/8
International Relations Notes from Week of 2/8 PSCI 2223
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caylin Enoch on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2223 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Jaroslav Tir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Lecture 2/8/16 Realism Continued: -Given anarchy, relative power variations shape preferences and determine outcomes • “The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must” • “you and everybody else, having the same power as we have, would do the same” o Ex. Putin returning Russia to the USSR’s previous prestige o People considering U.S. overbearing- are we just playing the cards we’ve been dealt? Or are we being bullies? § Implies that all countries and leaders act the same ú Depends how much relative power a leader sits on, not the character of the leader • Domestic politics is irrelevant • Stimuli come only from the outside • Ex. What about extreme groups like ISIS? Think about the context they came from Lecture and Recitation 2/10/16 Realism Continued… • Roles of non-state entities? o IGOs, MNCs, etc. § Consequences of power struggles, not truly independent entities, don’t really alter the actions of powerful states Neo-Realism (per Waltz) • Looks to the international system to explain state behavior o The role of human nature is deemphasized in favor of the system structure à anarchy • Given anarchy, the main goal of states is o Survival (security) o Power § Power is the means to survival (not an end in itself) o What do states do in the neorealist world? § Fight; why? ú War is a result of states vying for power to ensure own survival ú Cant escape the clutches of the security dilemma ________________________________________________________ Recitation 2/10/16 Realism: • International Politics is a constant struggle for (hard) power • Conflict (and potentially war) is normal • Classical realism o Hobbes • Neorealism o Waltz Classical Realism: • “So that in the nature of man, we find three principal causes of quarrel. First, competition; secondly, difference; thirdly, glory.” –Hobbes • Humans are naturally power-hungry • Takes place on the individual level of analysis o Example: Game of Thrones à everyone is trying to be king/queen and they’re all fighting over it because they just want the power Neo-Realism • “The strong do what they can, the weak suffer what they must”- Thucydides • “The growth in power in Athens and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta, made war inevitable.”- Thucydides o Neo-Realist Logic: § Anarchy § States fear neighbors § Get power to protect themselves § Neighbors get power to protect themselves § Repeat § Get arms races, potentially war
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