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PS 201 Week Two Notes

by: Shelsey Hall

PS 201 Week Two Notes PS 201

Shelsey Hall
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About this Document

These notes cover the second week of PS 201
Intro American Government and Politics
Anne Izod
Class Notes
political science




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelsey Hall on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 201 at North Carolina State University taught by Anne Izod in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro American Government and Politics in Political Science at North Carolina State University.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
WEEK TWO: 1/19: Patterson Chapter 2 **register for Political Science Research Subject Pool (Register by the end of the week) **February 2nd: 1st response paper due (each question should be 2­4 paragraphs) BEFORE THE CONSTITUTION ­Rights of the Englishman ­ and freedom from British rule (monarchy restricted by Parliament) ­1774: First Continental Congress: told the King what they wanted, he said no, violence ensued ­Call to revolution: grievance and proper government form  John Locke and Social Contract  Social Contract: voluntary agreement by individuals to form government ­ and are obliged to act  within the confines of the agreement (guarantee of inalienable rights­ rights to life, liberty, and  property) ­Thomas Jefferson­ The Declaration of Independence ­The Articles of Confederation (the first Constitution): didn’t deal with problems with states or ratified  new states, also didn’t have a way to tax people, lacked any military because of lack of funding, created a  very weak government ­Shays Rebellion: exposed a problem of the AoC, farmers who were former soldiers were upset about the  back taxes on their land NEGOTIATING AND THE CONSTITUTION ­The Great Compromise: The government had to have a government that reflected the people so the  bicameral congress was created ­⅗ Compromise: when counting population, slaves count as ⅗ of a person ­The NJ Plan ­A Strategy for Ratification: needed only 9 of 13 states to ratify for constitution to become law ­What is the ratification debate anyway?     ­ Antifederalist: didn’t want to ratify the constitution, needed a Bill of Rights, could have an army     ­ Federalist: wanted to ratify the constitution, need for a strong central government,  ­The Framers’ Goals for a National Government     ­ Strong enough to meet the nation’s needs, particularly in areas such as defense and commerce     ­ Preserve the states as governing entities     ­ Restricted in its lawful uses of power, not threatening liberty (limited government)     ­ Based on popular consent, giving people a voice in their governance (representative government) PROTECTING LIBERTY ­ Liberty: The ideal the founders sought most to uphold ­ Grants of power     ­ Article 1, Section 8: lists out the rights of the Congress (taxes, military, trade, money)      ­ 17 specific powers ­ Denials of Power     ­ Limits government by stating certain prohibitions PROTECTING LIBERTY: LIMITED GOVERNMENT  Separated Institutions Sharing Power­­ Checks and Balances  Three Parts : Executive, Legislative, Judicial PROTECTING LIBERTY: THE BILL OF RIGHTS ­Debate over inclusion of BoR in the Constitution ­First 10 Amendments     ­ 1: Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause, Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly, and  Petition     ­2: Right to Bear Arms     ­3: Protection from quartering troops     ­4: Unreasonable search and seizure, warrants requiring probable cause     ­5: Due process, double jeopardy, self incrimination, and eminent domain     ­6: Rights of the Accused, speedy, public trial, lawyer, and talk to witnesses     ­7: Civil trial by jury     ­8: Excessive bail, cruel, and unusual punishment     ­9: Protection of rights not specifically enumerated     ­10: Power of the states; Powers not specifically delegated to the federal government, and not  prohibited explicitly from the states, are reserved to the states or to the people PROTECTING LIBERTY: JUDICIAL REVIEW ­Judicial Review ­ A power not explicitly granted to the judiciary ­Marbury v. Madison (1803)­ allowed federal courts to restrain the actions of the other 2 branches ­ Judiciary decides whether a government official or institution has acted within the limits of the  Constitution, and if not declare it null or void PROVIDING FOR REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT ­Tyranny of the Majority: republican form of government characterized by indirect opilar rule ­Democracy vs. Republic ­INCOMPLETE ­Limited popular rule:     ­ All power exercised through representative institutions     ­ No form of direct popular participation in policy decisions     ­ House based on popular vote     ­ Senators appointed by state legislatures     ­ Indirect selection of the President by the Electoral college     ­The Federal judiciary is appointed not elected (appointed for life) ­Altering the Constitution: More power to the people ­ Jeffersonian Democracy: Government belonging to all, not just the privileged elite ­ Jacksonian Democracy: states award electoral votes to winner of popular vote ­ The Progressives: primary elections, direct election of US Senators CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY TODAY ­Constitutional: power exercised in accordance with rule of law and individual rights ­ Democratic: majority influence through elections ­ Republic: mix of restricted institutions, all checking each other 1/21: Current Event 2, Allen, Elkins  SUMMARY OF ARTICLES     ­Allen’s Our Godless Constitution: We live in a godless nation in which God is not mentioned in our  Constitution. Moreover, Jesus is not mentioned. Our first president didn’t even mention God on his  deathbed and was more worried about the science of his situation (taking his own pulse). During the  Treaty of Tripoli, the 3rd time the Senate voted unanimously, it was agreed that religion would not impact the relationship between the US and what is now Libya. We do look down upon the term atheist. When  Thomas Paine was called an atheist and Jefferson continued his friendship with him it caused public  uproar. Even in speeches, Washington avoided the word God and instead used Almighty. Franklin wrote  that he believes in God and Jesus (to some extent), but doesn’t believe God strikes down those who  displease him. Jefferson also had little belief in Jesus. Based on this, a biography of Jefferson portrayed  him as not a Christian. Jefferson’s work in VA helped to separate the church and the state. In this way,  Jefferson is a Liberal especially in terms of religion. “Of course all these men knew, as all modern presidential candidates know, that to admit to theological  skepticism is political suicide.”     ­Elkins’ Rewrite the Second Amendment: There are two opposing sides to the gun enforcement, on one side you have states trying to clamp down on gun regulations and the other side you have states like  Texas trying to push legislation to ignore any imposing regulations. Gun sales have skyrocketed. Terms like “well regulated” and “infringed” make the 2nd Amendment kind of ambiguous. “Only three countries — Guatemala, Mexico and the United States — have a constitutional right to arms.  Of the 15, ours is the only one that does not explicitly include a restrictive condition.” GROUP DISCUSSION 1. Advantages of a complete overhaul  we can change an entire system instead of minor adjustments through amendments  clarification (older, vague language) and modernization  new ideals (modernization for things that did not exist like technology, internet regulation, “Big  Brother”) 2. Specific changes  Electoral College­ get rid of it completely, vote by popular opinion  Democracy­ changing to parliamentary government  Federal law directly addressing capital punishment, statutes of limitation, double jeopardy with  time limits  Judicial system­ Affirmative action, Police power and brutality (federal jurisdiction over deaths in police custody)  Business and Politics­ remove the money aspect of politics, campaign finance reform,  SuperPACS  Church and State: Complete separation especially for things like abortion, marriage “what the  Bible says is not pertinent to the law”  LGBT discrimination­ social aspect, in the workplace, more accessible to get treatment   Universal healthcare should be a basic right


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