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PS 201 Week 5 Notes

by: Shelsey Hall

PS 201 Week 5 Notes PS 201

Shelsey Hall

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These notes cover the 5th week of PS 201
Intro American Government and Politics
Anne Izod
Class Notes
political science
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelsey Hall on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 201 at North Carolina State University taught by Anne Izod in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro American Government and Politics in Political Science at North Carolina State University.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
WEEK FIVE: 2/9: Chapter 8, Political Parties Lecture Tips for future papers: Proofread, Avoid casual tone, Be direct, Supported opinions, Write analytically POLITICAL PARTIES, CANDIDATES AND CAMPAIGNS Political Party: “an ongoing coalition of interest joined together in an effort to get its candidates elected  under a common label Political campaigns: party­centered, candidate­centered HISTORY OF US PARTIES The First parties: Federalists, Republicans (Republicans transform into Democrats in the 60s) Andrew Jackson and grassroots parties: dependent upon voter support, first time that popular vote had an  effect on parties PARTY COMPETITION AND MAJORITY RULE Republicans vs. Democrats: realignments and the enduring party system     2 party system since the Civil War     Partisan realignments during times of crisis Realignment­ 4 basic elements     Divisive issues     ELections     Major policy change brought about by one party     Enduring changes in party coalition to favor dominant party HISTORY OF REALIGNMENT Civil war: republicans gain control Civil rights *incomplete section* PARTIES: CRITICAL LINKAGE INSTITUTIONS Voters­­­> Parties­­­­> Elected Officials CURRENT PARTY ALIGNMENT Republicans­ dominant in the South, conservative stance on social issues, domestic spending, Frequently  on cusp of political dominance since 1968 Democrats: dominant in the Northwest, liberal on social issues and domestic spending, Less dominant  party since 1968 PARTY ID Party ID is likely the strongest predictor of voting behavior (2012: 90% of Rep voted Romney, 90% of  Dems voted Obama)  “True” independent voters are relatively few “Straight ticket” is most common voting pattern (Now less than 20% vote “split ticket” (30% in 1972)) ELECTORAL AND PARTY SYSTEMS Two party system (US) vs. Multiparty system (most other countries) Plurality voting in “single­member districts”     Single member to a seat/office with most votes wins     A winner­take­all system Proportional representation     Most European democracies     Get 20% of the popular vote? Get 20% of the seats MEDIAN VOTER THEOREM Seeking the center, without losing the support of the party loyalists Power of most elections rests with moderate voters Increasing party polarization changing political strategies     Parties must increasingly worry about satisfying their bases Primary vs. General Election: different strategies THIRD PARTIES Single­issue parties, Factional parties, Ideology parties, Reform parties PARTY ORGANIZATIONS Weakening of party organizations: although they handle the candidate recruitment, fundraising, policy  development, canvassing, they do not control these activities,­ the candidates do Nomination     Primary election­ gives control of nomination to the voters     Candidate who gets the most votes in a party’s primary gets it nominations     Closed primary­ limits voters to only those who are registered as members of the party     Open primary­ allows independents to vote (as well as others)     CA, LA, NE and WA­ top two primaries Local party organizations: vary greatly, tend to concentrate on elections that coincide with local  boundaries State party organizations: statewide election focus National Party Organizations: RNC, DNC, Raise money! Run training programs for candidates and their  staffs, conduct research , among other things THE CANDIDATE­CENTERED CAMPAIGNS Party committees­ service relationship Campaign funds and the money chase­ Hard money Political consultants­ pollsters, campaign strategists, media producers, fundraisers Contacting the voters­ televised ads, on the ground tactics, social media attacks Disadvantages:      ­Provide opportunities for powerful interest groups     ­Citizen’s United decision: money plays a powerful role in US politics     ­Weaken accountability by making it easier for officeholders to deny personal responsibility for  government’s actions­ “fault lies with Congress of the PResident, not me!” CAMPAIGNS A strong campaign can make the difference between winning and losing­ prospective voting (you are  going to make a change in the future), retrospective voting (you can fix what has been messed up) What happens when Americans think the country is going in the wrong direction? PARTIES, CANDIDATES, AND INFLUENCE Candidate­centered campaigns­ infuse new recruits     ­ex. Obama     ­Lost in 2000 for House of Reps     ­Won 2004 Senate race of IL     ­2006 announced presidential run     ­2008 won presidential election Candidate centered campaigns allow for flexibility in electoral politics Encourage national officeholders to be responsive to local interests Strengthen the relationship between the voters and their individual representative 2/11/2016: Current Event group 5, Klein, Edsall Klein: Do party identifications influence others when they evaluate new policies? Edsall: If Republicans focus on the white vote, as Edsall points out­ does this provide some explanation  for Trump’s success so far? Cillizza: Obama was right when he told Smith that the Obama coalition isn’t just going to emerge in toto  for the next Democratic nominee. What does this mean for Hillary? Sanders?  GROUP WORK: creating third party for America Issues: Racial/Minority Justice/Injustice Rainbow Party representing all colors of the rainbow Supporters: Oprah Winfrey, Beyonce, Serena Williams, Ellen DeGeneres, Laverne Cox  Face: middle age person with parents part of civil rights movement, children going into college  (HBCU/PWI), pro­LGBTQIA rights, genuine Native American, Muslim, Bilingual, Law Degree, “getting our nation out of debt”, the war on “hard” drugs Spouse­ Highly educated, Doctorate


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