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Week 2

by: Colleen Murphy

Week 2 HIST 102 - 11

Colleen Murphy

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This week we studied Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Spain as a European Superpower, Spanish Conquistadors, and English Colonies
World History Since 1500
Garth N. Montgomery
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
History 102 1/26/16  France o St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (1572): war between Calvinists and  Catholics.  200,000 killed, 200,000 escaped. o King Henri IV: Edict of Nantes (1598); Stated that the Massacre was  unjustified and Huguenots were welcome back.  One came back.  Spain o King Philip II (rule 1556­1598): grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella.  Son  of Charles V.  Over sees conquest of Peru and Mexico by conquistadors.   Picking up gold and silver o Netherlands is Calvinist o 1577: Spanish troops leave Netherlands and Netherlands is now united o Spanish attempted to massacre Calvinists in Netherlands.  England o Queen Elizabeth (Rule 1558­1603): politique o Francis Drake: sailed to NC.  Pirate.  Waiting for the ships that have all  the gold and silver to rob them.  Knitted by Queen Elizabeth o Pirates are considered English military  o Made Spain mad o 1588: Spanish Armada: brought a lot of ships to NC to attack English  ships.  There was a storm and more than ½ the Spanish ships were wiped  out.  Holy Roman Empire o Germany: Lutheran.  Sweden, Norway, and Denmark send troops to  Germany to help them against Roman Catholics. o 30 Years War (1618­1648): catholic army kills anyone that isn’t catholic  and Calvinists kill anyone that isn’t Calvinist.  700,000 killed o 30 Years War ended with Treat of Westphilia o Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan (1651).  He viewed people as greedy, lazy.   Doesn’t make reference to religion.  Political. o John Locke:  Civil Liberties  “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1690)  Argues that babies are shaped by their experiences.  There  id nothing inside that baby that makes them royal  “Two Treaties on Government”  “consent of the government…” is in our declaration History 102 1/28/16  Spain: European Super Power o Mercantilism: government involvement in the direction of the national  economy  Spain ­> Mexico and Peru  Portugal ­> Brazil  Dutch and English (double monopoly)­> U.S. east coast  The set up investment companies in VA  When using the word “company” you’re taking about a Double  Monopoly o Colonial Monopoly: colonies that belong to the mother country.  English  took over entire U.S. eastern coast.  Spanish Conquistadores  o Hernan Cortéz v. Aztecs (Mexico)  Niv. 1519 – Aug 1512  Cortéz meets Montezuma  Aztecs believe that Cortéz is their sun god o Facisco Pizarro v Incas (Peru)  1531 – 1537  Pizarro decapitates Incas ruler in front of citizens o Quinto: 1/5 revenues go to the kin of Spain o Encomienda: forced labor at specific time and place o Repartimiento: annual days of labor  Columbian Exchange: biological and cultural exchanges between old and new  worlds (plants, animals, disease, technology)  English Colonies o Virginia (Virginia Company) o Carolinas (Royal Favorites) o Georgia (Debtors and Criminals) o Religious Freedom  MD (Catholics)  PN (Quakers)  Massachusetts (Puritans)  By early 1700’s British crown role over all colonies Royal government assemblies = Spanish viceroys + carregidores


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