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Week 3

by: Colleen Murphy

Week 3 HIST 102 - 11

Colleen Murphy

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This week we learned about the Trans Atlantic Economy and China
World History Since 1500
Garth N. Montgomery
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 2/2/16 Trans Atlantic Economy  African Slave Trades (1500­1900) o Different Types:  Indigenous  Occidental (Western)  Africans  Europe  Oriental (5 Million People; Eastern)  Africans  Arab World  Trans Atlantic (13 Million People) o Slaves + Prisoners of War  When 2 countries were fighting, the loser would give slaves to  winners (POW’s)  Sold For: guns, cloth, liquor, iron bars, swords…  Biggest Slave Sellers: Nzinga Mbemba and The King @ Whidaw o Most slaves that were brought to the US were from the Kongo o Nzinga Mbemba (King of the Kongo):  Appealed to the king of Portugal about the amount of people being  sold from the Kongo to Portugal.  Kongo population was quickly  decreasing. o The King @ Whidaw (Benin)  Captain Thomas Phillips (British):  “A Slave Trader Describes The Atlantic Passage” (circ  1694)  Employee of Royal African Company  Willlem Basmen  “Slave Trader” (circ 1709)  Dutch West India Company o 1753: Price of young man  Gold Coast: $1600  West Indies: $3500 o Olaudah Equiano  “Enslaved Captive” (circ 1789)  Primary source of his experience as a slave  Told that what Africans though went on in Trans Atlantic  Trade was false.  It was much worse. o 1807: Trans Atlantic Slave Trade is illegal History 102 2/4/16 China  Silk Road: extended from China to the Mediterranean Sea.  Trade route.  China’s Dynasties o Ming (1368­1644) o (Manchu) Qing (1644­1911)  Admiral Zheng He o Told by emperor to build a fleet and make a voyage to South East Asia,  India, Japan… to spread the word about the emperor.  This became known as the “Trans Atlantic Voyages” (1405­1433).  Compare to Columbus’ voyage.  His was very small compared to  Zheng He’s fleet. o Tribute Fleets  Traveled to inform the people about China’s celestial emperor and  how great he was.  Not forcing rule upon them. o Tribute States  Were not controlled by Chinese emperor but were bribed by  Chinese with protection and food to accept their emperor as ruler  of the universe. o Tribute System  Basic principal of how Chinese viewed foreigners.  Population Explosion o Commercial Revolution (1500­1800)  Changes  Agricultural Technology  Banks o Mexican and Peruvian Silver  Market Towns o “Economy of Sale” o Production + export of silk, proclaim, tea  Rice changes wealth status for peasants o Gentry: change of peasants to middle class citizens because of the sale of  rice  Confucius  Confucianism o Structure of Chinese Civilization o Confucian Bureaucracy  Everyone was a part of Confucianism even the emperor o Confucius Beliefs  Have moral integrity  Lead by example  If you do all of that then haven and earth will be balanced o Confucian Civil­Service Exam  Boys take a test on Confucian writing to determine what kind of  job they would get.  Qing (1644­1911) o Dyarchy  2 people in each job  Bring in their own people to work in the government to keep and  eye on the Chinese o Emperors  Kangxi (r. 1661­1722)  Deals with Jesuits  Qianlong (r. 1736­1795)  Dealt with British o Edict of Emperor Qianlong to King George III (1793)


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