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Week 4

by: Colleen Murphy

Week 4 HIST 102 - 11

Colleen Murphy

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This week we learned about Japan and how the Nobles tried to take control in England, France, Russia, Austria, and Prussia
World History Since 1500
Garth N. Montgomery
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.


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Date Created: 02/11/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 2/9/16 Japan  The Warring States Era (1467­1600) o Small territories in Japan fighting eachother  Tokugawa (1600­1868) o Stopped Warring States Era  Samurai (martial artists who ran Japan) were fighting the Daimyo (nobles) and the Emperor (representation of sun god)  Samurai Elected Leaders o Hideyoshi (1588)  Monopoly on weapons.  Only Samurai are allowed to carry them  Land Survey and Tax  Survey land to find out who owns what then tax them.   First sign of a government. o Leyasu (1600)  Bakafa (A.K.A Tent Government)  Meeting in a tent to decide things  Shogun  Military advisor to the emperor  Puppet master.  Basically tells emperor what to do.  Edo o “Hostage System”  Daimyo have to come to Edo and follow around the Emperor  1597: Ban on Christianity  1614: Expatriation (kicking out) of Christians  1635 – 1857: Policy of national seclusion so that way no Christians could come  in.  1600’s: Local Guilds o Nation Markets o National Corporations  National Studies v. China (1635 ­ 1850) o Shut out Europeans and China o Want to stay independent   Dutch Studies (1720’s – 1850’s) o Now that Europeans have technology that they want.  Japan opens up a  port in Nagasaki to trade only with Dutch.  Korea o Phonetic Alphabet (1400’s – 1800’s)  Vietnam o Women were literate, merchants, diplomats, and warriors History 102 2/11/16  England o Stewarts (nobles) go to Scotland to recruit rulers  James I (r. 1603­1623)  Takes over after Queen Elizabeth dies  Claims Absolute Monarchy  Nobles argue he isn’t absolute ruler because they picked  him out  Charles I (r. 1625 ­ 1649)  Doesn’t like Spain unlike James I  Claims Absolute Monarch which make nobles mad because he wants to use tax money to fight Spain.  Nobles were not  in favor  o “Lord Protector” Oliver Cromwell (1649 ­ 1660)  leader of noble army against Charles I.  Beheaded Charles I.   Puritan General  Puritan Republic  Charles II (r. 1660 ­ 1685) o Son of Charles I o “The Merry Monarch” o Nobles love him o Starts fighting Dutch because they were a threat  because of all the Spanish gold and silver they had.   Defeated Dutch  James II (r. 1685 ­ 1688) o Brother of Charles II o Claims everyone should go back to being Catholic  which is not a popular idea at the time. o Claims Absolute Monarch o (John Locke) Glorious Revolution (1688)  William and Mary (r. 1688 ­ 1714)  Had to agree to a Constitutional Monarchy which meant  that they had to go to Parliament before making a decision  Hannoverians Family  George I (r. 1714 ­ 1727)  France o Bourbon Family  Louis XIV (r. 1643 ­ 1715)  Claims Absolute Monarchy  Bourbon family were nobles  Versailles v. Nobles  o Louis XIV goes to rick and band them against  nobles o Tells rich that is they give him money he will build  an army to fight against nobles and make them  recognize him as king o Builds Palace of Versailles (same concept as Edo in Japan)  Wars: France v. Everybody o 1689 – 1697 o 1701 – 1714  Louis XIV   “The War of Spanish Succession”  Last king of Hasburg (Spain) dies  Louis XIV goes and puts his cousin as king  in Spain.  Russia o Romanov Family  Tsar = Emperor  Peter the Great (r. 1682 ­ 1725)  Studied how to build ships and planned on building an  Navy with those skills  V. Boyars (nobles) o Decrees that all nobles have to dress western  European and wear underwear. o Nobles sons and daughters have to be educated and  sons have to go to Scotland and learn shipbuilding  in order to help Peter create his Navy.  St. Petersburg City o Similar to Palace of Versailles.  Located on the  water near the naval base.  War o 1700 – 1721: Russia v. Sweden  Austria o Hapsburg Family  Charles VI (r. 1711 ­ 1740)  Problem with controlling the nobles because they’re so  spread out among the territory.  Also he wants the nobles to accept his daughter as ruler  Pragmatic Sanction o Says that if the nobles accept his daughter Mary  Theresa (r. 1740 ­ 1780) then they would leave the  nobles alone.  Prussia o Hohenzollerin Family  Frederick William (r. 1640 ­ 1688)  “Great Elector”  Junkers (nobles) pick Honenzollerin family and give them  the power to create and army in order to protect themselves from Sweden.  War o 1710 – 1716: Prussia v. Sweden Military Fiscalism: a country may have a strong army but do they have the money to  deploy it.


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