Popular in World History Since 1500
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 2/9/16 Japan The Warring States Era (14671600) o Small territories in Japan fighting eachother Tokugawa (16001868) o Stopped Warring States Era Samurai (martial artists who ran Japan) were fighting the Daimyo (nobles) and the Emperor (representation of sun god) Samurai Elected Leaders o Hideyoshi (1588) Monopoly on weapons. Only Samurai are allowed to carry them Land Survey and Tax Survey land to find out who owns what then tax them. First sign of a government. o Leyasu (1600) Bakafa (A.K.A Tent Government) Meeting in a tent to decide things Shogun Military advisor to the emperor Puppet master. Basically tells emperor what to do. Edo o “Hostage System” Daimyo have to come to Edo and follow around the Emperor 1597: Ban on Christianity 1614: Expatriation (kicking out) of Christians 1635 – 1857: Policy of national seclusion so that way no Christians could come in. 1600’s: Local Guilds o Nation Markets o National Corporations National Studies v. China (1635 1850) o Shut out Europeans and China o Want to stay independent Dutch Studies (1720’s – 1850’s) o Now that Europeans have technology that they want. Japan opens up a port in Nagasaki to trade only with Dutch. Korea o Phonetic Alphabet (1400’s – 1800’s) Vietnam o Women were literate, merchants, diplomats, and warriors History 102 2/11/16 England o Stewarts (nobles) go to Scotland to recruit rulers James I (r. 16031623) Takes over after Queen Elizabeth dies Claims Absolute Monarchy Nobles argue he isn’t absolute ruler because they picked him out Charles I (r. 1625 1649) Doesn’t like Spain unlike James I Claims Absolute Monarch which make nobles mad because he wants to use tax money to fight Spain. Nobles were not in favor o “Lord Protector” Oliver Cromwell (1649 1660) leader of noble army against Charles I. Beheaded Charles I. Puritan General Puritan Republic Charles II (r. 1660 1685) o Son of Charles I o “The Merry Monarch” o Nobles love him o Starts fighting Dutch because they were a threat because of all the Spanish gold and silver they had. Defeated Dutch James II (r. 1685 1688) o Brother of Charles II o Claims everyone should go back to being Catholic which is not a popular idea at the time. o Claims Absolute Monarch o (John Locke) Glorious Revolution (1688) William and Mary (r. 1688 1714) Had to agree to a Constitutional Monarchy which meant that they had to go to Parliament before making a decision Hannoverians Family George I (r. 1714 1727) France o Bourbon Family Louis XIV (r. 1643 1715) Claims Absolute Monarchy Bourbon family were nobles Versailles v. Nobles o Louis XIV goes to rick and band them against nobles o Tells rich that is they give him money he will build an army to fight against nobles and make them recognize him as king o Builds Palace of Versailles (same concept as Edo in Japan) Wars: France v. Everybody o 1689 – 1697 o 1701 – 1714 Louis XIV “The War of Spanish Succession” Last king of Hasburg (Spain) dies Louis XIV goes and puts his cousin as king in Spain. Russia o Romanov Family Tsar = Emperor Peter the Great (r. 1682 1725) Studied how to build ships and planned on building an Navy with those skills V. Boyars (nobles) o Decrees that all nobles have to dress western European and wear underwear. o Nobles sons and daughters have to be educated and sons have to go to Scotland and learn shipbuilding in order to help Peter create his Navy. St. Petersburg City o Similar to Palace of Versailles. Located on the water near the naval base. War o 1700 – 1721: Russia v. Sweden Austria o Hapsburg Family Charles VI (r. 1711 1740) Problem with controlling the nobles because they’re so spread out among the territory. Also he wants the nobles to accept his daughter as ruler Pragmatic Sanction o Says that if the nobles accept his daughter Mary Theresa (r. 1740 1780) then they would leave the nobles alone. Prussia o Hohenzollerin Family Frederick William (r. 1640 1688) “Great Elector” Junkers (nobles) pick Honenzollerin family and give them the power to create and army in order to protect themselves from Sweden. War o 1710 – 1716: Prussia v. Sweden Military Fiscalism: a country may have a strong army but do they have the money to deploy it.
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