HIST 225 Week 5 Notes
HIST 225 Week 5 Notes HIST 225 0021
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kira Gavalakis on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 225 0021 at James Madison University taught by Richard Meixsel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see U.S. History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Week 5 Notes Thursday, 2/11/16 ● 1820s emergence of capitalism/business because of transportation The Transportation Revolution ● Turnpikes major toll rodes ● Steamboats on western rivers (from 1815 travelling north from New Orleans) ○ 69 steamboats in 1820; 727 in 1855 ○ Steamboats were useful because you can travel upstream ● Canals “Erie Canal” the single most important, finished 1825 ○ Reoriented western produce from south to east ● Railroads starting in 1820s; by the 1850s, 8 times as many rail miles as canal miles ○ lines ran east to west *** these also had consequences… (good? bad?) lowered the price of goods farmers are now specializing in certain products because others are being sold for cheaper ● Burr shot Hamilton fled country induced fear BUT ● Canals, RR and waterway systems were specifically for the US The Economy is being transformed, and political changes as well. Are they tied?? The Democratic Age ● Founding Fathers were fearful of true democracy so they made barrier: ○ Indirect election of senators (state legislators would vote for them, not people) ○ People vote for state legislators, state legislators voted for president (indirect) ○ wanted Representative Democracy people who were born leaders would be president ○ Jefferson thought that only property owners should be able to vote ○ Constitution didn’t say anything about individual voting rights! (This is why we have Amendments, i.e. anyone over 18 can vote) ○ after Revolution broaden voting rights ○ More property= more power (running for X, you had to own Y amount of property) ● 1800 two states chose electors by popular vote ○ 1832 only SC continued to allow state legislature to chose electors ● 1800 70% of adult white males eligible to vote ○ 1824 suffrage nearly universal for adult while males Some attributes of the “Democratic Age” 1. Increased use of the word “democracy” 2. Embrace the common man a. the voice of the people is the voice of God b. All property qualifications were done (you no longer need to own property to be able to vote) 3. End to social deference successful candidate had to be a “man of the people” a. Americans are on equal social level b. i.e. William Henry Harrison told people that he was born in a cabin to be more relatable but actually in a big house! 4. High voter turnout a. Election of 1824 only about 27% people voted!!! b. By 1840, 80% people voted and remained high c. Secret balloting became a thing… so people didn’t get hurt if they voted for someone different than the people around them 5. Individualism 6. Intensified racism a. North only 4% of free black men could vote b. Most free states in the union said only whites were allowed to vote c. Raised property qualifications for blacks to make it harder for them to vote ● Whites are forcing Native Americans to move west ● J.Q. Adams ○ Clay Secretary of State most of these would go on to become president so Clay was expecting to get it ○ “Corrupt bargain” ○ Adams was wealthy, moody, depressed not what people wanted ○ Had a lot of haters, so couldn’t get much done ○ After he left the presidency, he was part of the House of Representatives (so he was still involved in politics) Andrew Jackson ● came from the West low class ● Holds his reputation very close to him will fight anyone who challenges it ● Won against the British in the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 ● when President, said he would turn government over to the common man ● Jackson forced Native Americans out so he can get more property ● Federal Bank hydraheaded beast (didn’t like it) and eventually got rid of it ● PRESIDENT is the chief power of government! ● First president to be from SC, and firstgeneration American ● selftaught lawyer, farmer, merchant, soldier, congressman ● “inevitable president” ● Election of 1824 won more popular and electoral vote than any other candidate but did not win the presidency WHY? ○ popular vote doesn’t count! The Constitution doesn’t say anything about it! ○ If nobody gets majority, House of Representative votes ● 1828 Election ○ Adams vs. Jackson ○ Jackson won by a long shot ○ Jackson was not a good president ■ ignorant, hotheaded, dark side ■ offered reward for someone to find and whip his slave ■ sex scandal ■ Spoils System “to the victors go the spoils” ● New political party system that was based on hating Jackson!
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