HIST150 The Roman Empire
HIST150 The Roman Empire History 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
Hist 150 The Roman Empire (27 B.C.E-476 C.E.) Common Era=A.D. First Emperor • Augustus ruled 27 B.C.E - 14 C.E. • His reign began the PAX ROMANA (The Roman Peace) of the 1 sand 2 ndcenturies C.E. Excerpt from Virgil’ Aeneid • Bottom line: Roman is about government. • Their divine mission is to rule the world. • They did rule the Mediterranean world. The Roman Empire (mid 2 ndcentury) • 3.5 M sq. miles in size • About 50 M people Legacy of Rome • Roman Law (see textbook) • Bounded together through construction projects, law, and culture • Adopt of the Roman upper -class. They set the tone that will be replicated in other parts of the world Building • Practical building and building for eternity • Hadrian’s Walls – built on the frontier of the empire. Barbarians of Scotland on the other side o Ruins of Hadrian’s Wall 73.5 miles’ long Roads and Bridges • 50,000 miles of road • Planned them to avoid natural barriers and drainage problems • Needed to build bridges • No mortar, built of huge masonry blocks. Bridge in Southern France : “EVEN HITLER COULND’T TAKE IT DOWN ” Bridge in Spain: Oldest functioning bridge today, still carries traffic (mobility of troops) • Road system was made for the good of trade One Roman said • “Compare if you like the Pyramids of the useless if famous monuments of the Greeks with such a display of essential structures carrying so much water” Lifestyle of the Roman Upper -class • Town house in Rome • Two dining rooms Day 2: The Roman Empire Housing of the lower -class Romans • Insulae (islands) Apartments o Poorly buildings collapsing § “Don’t get me started on sanitation” Diet of the lower class • very little meat, protein from cheese, bread was popular • wheat from Egypt and N. Africa • olives, grapes, wine “Bread and Circuses” • Augustus distributed free grain to about 200,000 people in Rome (1/3 of he city’s population) • Special occasions: meat, wine, etc. • Circus: free entertainment. Going to The Coliseum (made from v olcanic ash) The Coliseum (created in 80 C.E. open to the public) • Could hold 50,000 people • Trap doors for releasing animals • People came or the Gladiators Seneca’s commentary • (TQ) “There’s nothing more harmful than one’s character to attend a spectacle. Vic es come into your soul while you’re being entertained. Inhuman and cruel Persecution of Christians (64 C.E.) • After fires were set, people suspected Emperor Nero. He blamed the Christians. He made it a form of entertainment • Tacitus’ description o “Criminals, but he sympathized with them” The Martyrdom of Vibia Perpetua • “Offer the sacrifice for the welfare of the emperors.’” • Her faith was seen as treason • Was going to prison with high sprits • Her vision o My clothes were stripped off and suddenly I was a man. My seconds began to rub me down with oil, as they were wont to before a contest. We drew close to one another and let our fists fly. My opponent tried to get hold of my feet, but I kept striking him in the face with the heels of my feet. He fell flat on his f ace and I stepped on his head. I began to walk in triumph towards the Gate of Life. Then I awoke. I realized that it was not with wild animals that I would fight but the Devil, but I knew that I would win the victory. Important dates 313—Persecution ended when Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan that granted religious toleration 392—Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the state religion
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