Social Psych Writing Assignment 1
Social Psych Writing Assignment 1 Psyc 360
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlin Mashburn on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 360 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Elizabeth Helen Fles (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Chapter 1 Reading uestions Part 1 The following questions are meant to guide your reading and preparation for class It is expected that you to read and answer all of the questions thoroughly BEFORE coming to class on each given date One sentence answers will not adequately prepare you for class discussion or enhance your learning These questions are meant to engage you with the material help you to critically think In addition to answering the questions try to go beyond the text and use your critical thinking skills to come up with original and thoughtful questions for class discussion Section A Gaining Understanding 1 What is social psychology What sets social psychology apart from other social science areas ie sociology personality psychology etc 0 Study of how people in uence others behavior beliefs and attitudes 0 It is the scienti c study of the way in which people39s thoughts feelings and behaviors are in uenced by the real or imagined presence of other people 0 Social psychology differs from sociology and anthropology because 0 It is less concerned with social situations in the objective sense 0 It is more concerned with how people are in uenced by their interpretation construal of social environments 2 What is a construal Or rather what does it mean to construe Why are construals an important thing to understand and identify in social psychology 0 How individuals comprehend perceive and interpret the world 0 Important because this allows us as psychologist to understand why people think a certain way 0 Construal shaped by two basic human motives L The need to be accepted 39 The need to feel good about ourselves 0 It s important to understand and identify because it shows that not every person is going to experience and view the same thing the same ways 3 What does it mean that we construct our own social reality 0 The social reality is constructed by individuals because of different interpretations and viewpoints on situations We see and interpret things the way we want so the social reality is different for everyone 4 What are social intuitions and how are they often powerful but sometimes perilous 0 The process of obtaining knowledge without inference or reasoning 0 We choose to rely on them more than we probably should even though they re often right 5 What is selfesteem and why is important to consider when interpreting social situations 0 self respect dignity pride 0 Just because a person is comfortable in a situation it doesn t mean they re comfortable with themselves and vice versa One can t base someone s feelings of themselves on the way a situation plays out They re not Section B Applying What You Know 1 Choose 2 of social psychology s big ideas from the second half of lecture and describe an example from everyday life Construct our own social reality I saw a guy holding a girls face While they were talking during a fight My boyfriend thinks that he was doing it as a sweet gesture While I see it as an aggressive controlling action Social Intuitions Hearing that someone has killed multiple animals with their car recently I39m going to assume they do this on purpose rather than multiple accidents 2 Describe a time that you construed a social situation in an inaccurate way What happened How could you prevent this same type of error in the future While in New York I saw this guy trying to get out of his truck but then just fell out I assumed he was just clumsy and tripped on something Later after the parade I found out that he had had a massive heart attack I probably could have avoided a wrong assumption by watching what happened after he fell rather than just turning around and not worrying about it anymore Chapter 2 Reading Questions The following questions are meant to guide your reading and preparation for class It is expected that you to read and answer all of the questions thoroughly BEFORE coming to class on each given date One sentence answers will not adequately prepare you for class discussion or enhance your learning These questions are meant to engage you with the material help you to critically think In addition to answering the questions try to go beyond the text and use your critical thinking skills to come up with original and thoughtful questions for class discussion Section A Gaining Understanding 1 You are approached by someone who says social psychology is merely putting terms to common sense Describe in your own words how you would argue against this claim 0 I would explain that common sense isn t necessarily right all the time Though it is often helpful there s a lot of factors that are involved with social psychology that aren t necessarily factors in common sense 2 What is hindsight bias and how does it relate to how people interpret social psychological research ndings What consequence can it have 0 The claim to have known the outcome of a situation all along AFTER the situation is finished 0 Misplaced blame could be a consequence 0 Neglect of actual causes and explanations 0 Overconfidence 3 Discuss in your groups the main differences between correlational and experimental psychology research Why is experimental research seen as the best way to conduct research within social psychology 0 Correlational research does not involve manipulation only measurements The reason correlation research is done is to find connection between variables 0 In experimental research variables are manipulated and the measurements taken are from the manipulation on the dependent variable 0 Experimental is preferred because it answers causal questions 4 Give an example of 3 relationships between variables one in which the relationship would show a positive correlation one in which the relationship would show a negative correlation and one in which the relationship would show no correlation 0 The longer you exercise the more calories you burn 0 The more alcohol one consumes their judgement decreases 0 The amount of times one sneezes doesn t change the weather 5 Explain the purpose of the IRB and the components of a study that must be included in order for the study to be considered ethical 0 Basically the IRB reviews the researchers proposed study and decides if it s ethical or not 0 Informed consent prior to the experiment and debrief following the end of the experiment 0 Any aspect of the experiment that is deemed overly stressful or upsetting by the IRB must be changed or deleted before the study can be conducted Section B Applying What You Know 1 Imagine you are interested in investigating the effect that studying in groups has on test grade Explain in your own words how you would test this Remember to include the hypothesis the independent variable the dependent variable the manipulation how you would assign participants to which group and what conclusion you might draw Hypothesis People who attend study groups will do better on tests Independent Variable The people in a study group The individual studiers Dependent Variable The test grades I would go into a classroom and divide the class in half One half would study individually while the other half was a study group This would be divide randomly by drawing colored paper out of a jar Blue individual Green group After a week of studying I would the students the same test and see how they perform My conclusion would be that the group studiers had a better average than the individual studiers due to multiple ideas and broader knowledge Chapter 3 Reading Questions The following questions are meant to guide your reading and preparation for class It is expected that you to read and answer all of the questions thoroughly BEFORE coming to class on each given date One sentence answers will not adequately prepare you for class discussion or enhance your learning These questions are meant to engage you with the material help you to critically think In addition to answering the questions try to go beyond the text and use your critical thinking skills to come up with original and thoughtful questions for class discussion Section A Gaining Understanding 1 What is social cognition List and describe the two major types of social cognition 0 How people think about themselves and the social world or more specifically how people select interpret remember and use social information to make judgments and decisions lAutomatic thinking Quick No conscious deliberation of thoughts perceptions assumptions 2Controlled thinking Effortful and deliberate Thinking about self and environment Carefully selecting the right course of action 2 What are schemas What are the major functions of schemas List some pros and cons when using schemas 0 Mental structures used by people to organize knowledge of the social world using themes or objects 0 Organize what we know 0 Interpret new situations 0 We can make sense of the world and fill in gaps 0 Helpful to avoid ambiguity when things can be interpreted multiple ways 0 They can often be involved with stereotypes not necessarily a good or bad thing 0 Allows us to easier remember things or remember things that never happened 3 Describe your reactions to the idea of priming Can you think of examples where this has been true for you 0 Priming is cool in a sense that a word can ood your brain with thoughts and remembrance of another thing connected to the initial word 0 When I hear the word puppet I instantly think of Angelman Syndrome also considered Happy Puppet Syndrome Because my brother has this it s very quick to come to my mind 4 What is a heuristic List and describe the different types of heuristics talk about in class Heuristics are mental shortcuts people use to make judgements quick and efficiently Two types Representativeness amp Availability Representativeness like goes with like We ignore how common behaviors actually are in a population and commit the base rate fallacy Availability off the top of my head Estimating the likelihood of an occurrence based on the ease with which it comes to our minds 5 How does culture affect social cognition Said differently how has being any American affected how you see relationships see selfconstruals While all humans have access to the same tools the culture they grow up in can in uence the tools they use most Western cultures tend to have an analytical thinking style while Eastern cultures have a holistic style of thinking Section B Applying What You Know 1 List and describe the steps that take place during selfful lling prophecies Describe a time this has happened to you 1 An expectancy or social theory about a specific person is made 2 You behave toward the target in a way that is consistent with the initial theory or expectation 3 Target person responds to your behavior in a similar matter 4 The person s behavior is proof that your initial expectation was correct 0 This girl had a physical disability leading me to believe she would have a mean attitude towards people due to being made fun of constantly and having to stick up for herself When I approached her I had an attitude because I was ready to stick up for myself when she was rude causing her to actually be rude Later on we did become friends when we actually got to know each other 2 Describe a time that you used the Representative Heuristic Did you draw the correct conclusion Explain 0 Yesterday I was talking to a farmer about college I asked what he majored in assuming it was agriculture and I was wrong He actually had a law degree but didn t like that profession anymore