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by: Shanna Beyer

Psychology PSYC 1030

Shanna Beyer
University of Memphis
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

Week 3 notes
General Psychology
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanna Beyer on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1030 at University of Memphis taught by Freels in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Memphis.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
Psychology Notes Week 3 Ethical concerns continued… - honesty is important - remain objective by declaring conflicts of interest - animal vs. human research Critical Thinking: reflecting upon information being presented and assess it - What are the claims? Implications? - How are the claims stated? Do they make sense? - Is there another explanation? - What is the quality of the evidence? Interpretation: understanding the information to the level that you could pass it on to others Assessment: connecting the information to determine the main idea being communicated while also determining the veracity of the information Efficiency: not only understanding the information, but also knowing which portions of the information are important to determine the hypothesis Evaluation: Determine whether the intended message is a good one and strongly supported 1. Authority or claimed expertise DOES NOT make the idea true on its own 2. There are very few ideas in this world that transcend the need for logical analysis and review 3. Critical thinking requires an open mind Construct: concepts that we use to help explain and categorize things but aren’t real - can differ from person to person Learning: relatively permanent change that comes from experience 2 types of conditioning: classical (pairs a reflex with a stimuli), operant (change consequence to change behavior) *Conditioning is a form of learning, it is also basis of all behavior (we reward behavior)* Spatial navigation: how we find our way around Cognitive Map: mental representation of an area that helps us choose the best path Latent Learning: learning that occurs without obvious reinforcement Rate learning: tales place through repetition and memorization Discovery Learning: based on insight and understanding Modeling: observational learning (copying someone), inherent in al humans Classical conditioning: Directs Motivates Antecedent Behavior Consequence (The event (reward or not) before behavior) Acquisition: the period in conditioning during which a response is strengthened High order Conditioning: changing the conditioned stimulus fir another Extinction: the weakening of a learned response by uncoupling Spontaneous Recovery: reappearance of a response thought to be extinguished - Fears are a great example of human behaviors that have been conditioned - loud noises - falling Phobias? Do innate fears exist? Phobia: strong fear when there is no real danger Vicarious classical conditioning: classical conditioning that can be brought about just by observing others Operant Conditioning: behavior equals rewards and consequences. Rewards mean behavior is more likely. Consequence means behavior is less likely. - consequence driven - law of effect - voluntary actions, not reflexes Reinforcers: anything that makes it more likely for a behavior to be repeated Punishments: anything that makes it less likely for a behavior to be repeated - timing is a crucial issue to consider when discussing operant conditioning - reinforcers work much better when they are presented immediately after the behavior Shaping: gradually molding responses to a pattern - extinction is similar as well, uncoupling Positive and Negative reinforcement/ punishment Positive Reinforcement: providing a reward after the desirable behavior occurs Negative Reinforcement: removing a consequence after a desirable behavior occurs Positive Punishment: the response is followed by a negative consequence Negative Punishment: response is followed by the removal of a reward


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