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Notes from Friday, Feb 12 lecture - Cultural Anthropology

by: Ricardo Rauseo

Notes from Friday, Feb 12 lecture - Cultural Anthropology ANT2410

Marketplace > University of Florida > ANT2410 > Notes from Friday Feb 12 lecture Cultural Anthropology
Ricardo Rauseo
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About this Document

These notes just cover what we saw on Friday's lecture.
Cultural Anthropology
Crystal Felima
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ricardo Rauseo on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT2410 at University of Florida taught by Crystal Felima in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
Friday, February 12, 2016 Fundamentalism A religious movement characterized by a return to fundamental principles, usually including a resistance to modernization and an emphasis on certainty through a literal interpretation of scriptures  Sometimes they believe that religion should be relevant to all parts of the society  Think on everyone believing in a certain type of god (Theo-normalcy and privilege)  Heteronormative (they disregard atheists and agnostics) Arguments Against Organized Religions  May split rather than unify society (race, sexual orientation, gender)  May focus on the outer, institutional form of the religion than its inner spirit  Those in religious power have the ability to dominate/manipulate the faithful  May be harmful to some  A potential center of political power. Religion and Conservative Force Religion acts as a conservative forcer (that is, it inhibits change) and it is also a major contributor to social change. Mechanisms for Change  Acculturation: The process whereby a culture received traits from a dominant society  Assimilation: A condition whereby a dominated culture has changed so much because of outside influences that it ceases to have its own distinct identity. o Indian Americans Syncretism: A fusing of traits from two cultures to form something new and yet permitting the retention of the old by subsuming the old into a new form o Example: African Diaspora Religions, Haitian Vodou, Candomblé, Santería. o Introduced by American Anthropologist Melville j. Herskovits Religious Pluralism  Revolves around the central idea of different religious belief systems working together.  *Differs from* Religious tolerance, implies that each person is entitled to his or her own set of beliefs without judgment or conformity to some cultural or societal standard (Freedom of religion) Belief in Humanism  Its philosophical meanings are based upon equality, human rights, and social justice.  The humanistic approach believes that the results of life are chosen by the person, not supernaturalism (self-determination).  Therefore, focus is on the person as a whole.  Emphasis on: Self-Esteem, Personal Growth, The achievement of Human Potential. A New Age New Age religions have appropriated ideas, themes, symbols, and ways of life from the religious practices every where specially from Native Americans, Australians Aborigines, East Asian religions. Neo-Paganism and Revival Wicca: Popularized by Gerard Gardner in the 1950s New Religious Movements Denomination: A religious group that differs on a just a few points form the mainstream religion Sect: A new branch of a mainstream religion, usually involving new revelations, new scriptures, and a new leader. Change in a belief system can lead to the inclusion of marginalized groups Albinos  Albinos are killed in Tanzania because of their condition  Albinos have no way of communication awareness.  Witch doctors are making potions out of limbs from Albinos, because they are thought to be sacred. Ritual Murder  Every ritual murder is a symbolic act.  Symbolic codes represent a way of life, a common identity and a worldview.  Honor Killings o Honor killings are the shedding of blood to get rid of the strain on a family’s or communities honor. o The mere perception that someone has behaved in a way that “dishonors” his/her family is sufficient to trigger an attack on his/her life.


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