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ANTH 1000 Week Two Notes

by: Angelica Reed

ANTH 1000 Week Two Notes ANTH 1000 - 004

Angelica Reed
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About this Document

Introduction to Anthropology
Dr. Brooks
Class Notes
ANTH, chapter 4, McGraw Hill, Introduction to Anthropology, ANTH 1000, 4




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelica Reed on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1000 - 004 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Brooks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Arts and Humanities at East Carolina University.

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Date Created: 02/12/16
Chapter Four Lecture Notes Research Methods  Participant Observation: Chilling and hanging out with the people  Scientific method o Observation  Anomalies: Provide the key to finding the interesting questions that require explanation o Write Descriptive Statements  Process: Interlinked actions= begin under defined conditions  Hypotheses  Test Hypotheses  Theoretical Generalization  Ethnographic Present: Writing about a group in the present tense, even if the account is somewhat out-of-date  Holistic: Multidisciplinary  Culture is not inherited  Theories are: o Never proven to be true or false o Only determine whether a theory is more or less useful than another theory o One theory can replace another theory but never completely proven  Diffusionism: Culture came from one place and then spread out (ancient Egyptians): humans don’t invent or think for themselves  Evolutionism: Cultures evolve/ Europeans are the model society  Behavioral ecology: physical environment where people are living: not everything is good it’s not always adaptive  Functionalism: culture as a system:  Political economy: distribution of power: impacts of powerful societies that transformed the world  Psychological approaches: why is culture the way it is? Because of basic personality and child-training  Ethnoscience/ structuralism: How we impose meaning on the world, understanding people from their point of view  Interpretive approaches: Because of logical consistency, it makes sense/ Culture is similar to a literary text that can be analyzed for meaning; however, it will be based on the ethnographers interpretation  Post-modernism: Why is culture the way it is? Who knows? But here’s how I feel about it. Evolution: change over time  Cultural evolution: changed through learned behavior  Biological evolution: inherited genetic change: natural selection  Theory about the development of new species  Species are always changing


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