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Chapter 4 Notes

by: Nicholas Petrusevski

Chapter 4 Notes FCNS 280

Nicholas Petrusevski
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Summary of the chapter 4 reading. Use this to study for the upcoming exam and look out for my study guide!
MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society
J. Elizabeth Miller PhD
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Petrusevski on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FCNS 280 at Northern Illinois University taught by J. Elizabeth Miller PhD in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society in Health Sciences at Northern Illinois University.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
Friday, February 12, 2016 FCNS 280 Chapter 4 - Synaptogenesis: process of synapse development - Pruning: elimination of unused synapses - Plasticity: brain’s capacity to change in response to experience - Adaptive reflexes: reflexes that help the infant survive - Primitive reflexes: reflexes that disappear during the first year of life *Esther Thelen’s dynamic system theory proposed two types of influences work together to shape motor development… 1. inborn genetic factors 2. environmental variables, for example: availability of adequate nutrition *Breast feeding is not recommended for women who take prescription or illegal drugs. However, some infants require formula instead of breast milk (depends on the situation) -deficient in calcium and vitamin C = micronutrient malnutrition -due to the fact she doesn't eat a lot Daisy an 8-year old weighs as much as a 4-yaear old = marasmus -low protein diet… that risks permanent brain damage = Kwashiorkor -type of malnutrition that is the leading cause of death among children under age 5 = micronutrient malnutrition -why is saying healthy babies don't need to go to the doctor false? Because infants need their progress monitored, also they need immunizations -*SIDS can be prevented by…. -lying baby on back -having a fan on baby -have baby on firm, not soft mattress 1 Friday, February 12, 2016 -for babies, auditory acuity is way better at birth than visual acuity -infants are attracted to sweet taste, which may explain their attraction to breast milk *Franz devised the preference technique to study perceptual development in infants *infants can discriminate more speech sounds than adults *the visual cliff experiment showed that 6-month-olds have depth perception *intermodal perception is possible as early as one months old (Nativist View) -perceptual skills are inborn -newborns can make perceptual discriminations (Empiricist View) -perceptual views are learned -the development of perceptual skills depends on experience 2


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