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Anthropology Week 2

by: Lauran Notetaker

Anthropology Week 2 ANTH 3853 001

Lauran Notetaker

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Anthropology Week 2
Music, Language, and Culture
Dr. SeanO'Neill
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauran Notetaker on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3853 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. SeanO'Neill in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Music, Language, and Culture in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.

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Date Created: 02/12/16
January 25, 2016 Library password for readings: ONeill3853 Universalism vs. Relativism Is language innate? Ex. Egypt poor kid experiment - took a child and kept it away from any spoken language to see if it would come up with its inherited language or a new language Or is it a product of the social environment? The same goes for music and culture Ex. 2 year olds picking up on a new language more quickly than that of older people Social Foundations Generating meaning Socialization Dialogic exchange Cultural traditions Ex. Nicaraguan Sign Language - placed deaf children in a room without any communication and they came up with a whole new language on their own coming from just interaction, has no roots. From genetic code? Universalism and realism go hand and hand About 6,000 languages on the planet UG - Universal Grammar George Herzog - When it comes to music, we only have dialects, not language; mutually intelligible music might be more dialect than language Bird Song Allegory cuckoo - all sign same song, even without exposure Ex. of pure rationalism bull finch - sings any song it hears, even those of other species Ex. of pure empiricism empiricism - mind is a blank slate birds communicating territory chaffinch - no song without exposure, sings basic song shortly after birth; eventually learns local “dialect” critical age: 10 months about 15,000 languages before living in big cities about 150,000 years ago critical age about 16 years old (when you probably cant play music anymore) The Culture Concept Social construction of reality Language Music Gender Identity Etc. (Humor, Food) Alterity - opposite of identity Culture Ontologies Ways of being Web of relationships Ex. Repatriating Hopi songs Ex. How close you stand to someone, interrupting while talking to friends January 27, 2016 Social Foundation (continued) erasure - remove something from view Ex. removed Indians from “Oklahoma!” Ideology - framework (1) The dialogic principle = “dialogism” (Bakhtin) Basis in social interaction Face to face “Inner dialog” Between traditions Play of perspective collaborative process - Paganini Botin - anytime someone speaks they're coming from a different background (can see this when talking face to face) Ozzy - “Whats wrong with heavy metal today is they didn't listen to enough Beetles” Paganini (violin) - wrote really complicated stuff Heteroglossia Internal diversity within all… Speech communities and musical traditions Reflections in all “texts” Multiple voices Clashing ideologies Ex. “The Farmer and Cowman (Oklahoma!)” Intertextuality (Bakhtin/Kristeva) Dialog between texts and traditions E.g. use of biblical imagery gospel metal literature Oum Kalthoum “Egyptian Opera” - Islamic world Moby Dick “I am Ishmael” in bible, referring to cursed Instruments that look like a violin erhu - china rebab - persia (2) social fingerprinting = “Indexicality” pointing like with finger - how does structure reveal its (multiple) origins? The Identity Function Accents “indexes” social background; region, Class, ethnicity, etc. Musical Texture too pigeon language can be turned into creole language Syncretism: Blanding traditions oppositions suppressed or highlighted New forms arise Mozart also interested in Turkish music microtone (3) Drawing social boundaries - regional accents - musical genres - association with: Age Class Gender E.g. “Ronda Alla Turka” - Mozart Jazz is considered the classical music of USA Ideology: guiding system of ideas Hebrew or Arabic seen as sacred tongues Country music seen as “rural” or “non-ethnic”


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