Week 5- Empire or Republic and The Progressive Era
Week 5- Empire or Republic and The Progressive Era 32763
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asia Caldwell on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32763 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Prokopowicz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see History 1051 in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Monday, February 8, 2016 Empire or Republic? Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. History has the ability to repeat itself The question of foreign policy wasn’t that big before, but by end of 19 century major European powers took control of other nations At this point, The USA had no interest in becoming an empire o Reason 1 ideology, they believed everyone had freedom o Reason 2 political American foreign policy was antiimperialism until the end of the century The British empire colonized much of the world Should the USA have colonies? o Manifest Destiny The USA should control from sea to sea (God expected them to control this piece of the world) Maybe it is there manifest to spread across the world o Christian Duty The spreading the benefits of democratic capitalism and Christianity to “backward peoples” o Rudyard Kipling’s White Man’s Burden the duty of the white man to spread power over others o Economy you can grow economy and spread it across, bring the crops to home country to sell and make profit o Strategic steampowered navy needed bases where its ships could replenish their supplies of coal and water; they would want new coaling stations across the nation o If Everyone else has colonies, then The USA should have colonies as well Sandwich islands (Hawaii) 1875 USA had a sugar treaty we could import sugar, sugar growing was at no extra cost o American plants moved to Hawaii o Island became under military control of the USA o 1898 Hawaii becomes part of the USA The War of 1898 o America wanted Cuba to gain their independence from Spain USA had their eyes on Cuba for awhile 1895 Cuban guerrilla warfare vs Spanish troops Feb 15,1898 Destruction of the warship Maine No one knew what happened The best guess is that it was an accident, but since no one took blame American newspapers said who had done it o This is the era of yellow journalism (newspapers’ sensationalism as well as their intentional efforts to manipulate public opinion) Newspapers were cheap Printed on yellow paper o McKinley was not convinced that we needed a war He was a civil war veteran He was not a killer He modeled of selfsacrificing Christian gentleman o Theodor Roosevelt Said McKinley had no back bone Did not think highly of Spain He wanted war o Reasons people wanted to fight Liked to fight To show that America was strong Freedom for Cubans o If we did fight, then Cuba would not be under the USA o Cuba agreed to all the terms America proposed o 28,000 American men, Spain 180,000 men Service in the war were local and then whole unit went off to fight, which represented piece of the USA not the nation America went off to war celebrating, o USA lost fewer than 400 men in action, others lost to disease The navy did most of the job o Manila Bay in the PhilippinesAmerica captured and sunk all Spain warships without damaging American ships Now the USA has won a war What happened? o Brought north and south together o Way of reconciling farmers with business o Both sides saw themselves as in it together o Nothing connects a community like having a common enemy on the outside This was a Splendid little war o We kept Guantanamo Bay for the navy America Grows Overseas 18651903 Samos Hawaii Midway Philippines Wake Islands Alaska Puerto Rico Panama Canal zone Theodor Roosevelt o Youngest to become president o Had no interest in Philippines o As president, Theodore Roosevelt actively pursued an imperialist foreign policy, confirming the United States’ new role as a world power Open Door Policythe policy of admitting people of all nationalities or ethnic groups to a country upon equal terms, as for immigration. Theodore Roosevelt articulated an extension of the Monroe Doctrine (the United States might intervene in disputes between North and South America and other world powers) Roosevelt helps with what becomes the Progressive era Wednesday, February 10, 2016 The Progressive Era There is growth in technology, economy, and in individuals. o Growth in population by immigration th 19 century there was a big wave, then followed by a trend of nativism Nativism a return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences. Ex) A sign saying no Irish allowed People leave their land because: o Economic opportunity (USA offers more opportunity) o Political opportunity o Religious opportunity o War or conflict (maybe depression) The Progressive Movement is one solution to uniting societies o 2 Solution: Regulation (government monitors if we can’t, trusting in the government) o 1892 Ellis Island opens up for immigration At its peak it absorbed 5 thousand people a day Immigrants become strangers; having no money, not speaking the language, having no friends Took whatever jobs were available Found themselves alienated by the experience Immigrants invent themselves, which allowed them to become new people Ex) name changes that Americans can pronounce o There was a natural tendency to resent those who were different/ immigrants o Congress passed bill to restrict immigration for illiterate immigrants Chinese Exclusion Act It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. Ways around it was if you were family members o One response don’t do anything about it Laissefaire: let it be, leave it as it is Anything government does will make it worst Let survival of the fittest take place o Predestination God had determined everything in advance th Late 19 century: maybe man can change nature o Progressives Henry George: had an epiphany walking through Manhattan and it occurred that property wasn’t valuable until you knew where it was Location/land is valuable Wanted to tax land value o Everyone could be happy o Religion YMCA Settlement homes an institution providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community Jane Addams Idea of helping others Women’s Suffrage for the most part, women could not vote Elizabeth king Stantonargued for women voting Wyoming The first state to allow women to vote Would vote to help women and/or be against war Progressive Movement did not go away after the SpanishAmerican War Muckrakers were investigative journalists who thrived on exposing social ills and corporate and political corruption Triangle shirt waste On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned, killing 145 workers. o the deaths were largely preventable–most of the victims died as a result of neglected safety features and locked doors within the factory building. o The tragedy brought widespread attention to the dangerous sweatshop conditions of factories, and led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that better protected the safety of workers. Jacob Riis exposed people to the conditions in his book, How The Other Half Lives o Meat packaging conditions Theodore Roosevelt read the book and took action o Meat Inspection Act of 1906 required inspection of meats destined for interstate commerce and imposed sanitations standards in processing plants Dark side to progressive era Supported political reform Theodor Roosevelt King of Progressive era o Great king plight o Titanic o Trusts or monopolies made illegal Companies continued to monopolized
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