Public Speaking, Week 4 Lecture Notes
Public Speaking, Week 4 Lecture Notes COMM 2613
Popular in Public Speaking (COMM-2613-002
Popular in Foreign Language
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison D on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 2613 at University of Oklahoma taught by Bobbi Van Gilder in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Public Speaking (COMM-2613-002 in Foreign Language at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Public Speaking Week 4 Lecture Notes 2/9/16 Informative Speeches • functions of an informative speech - to inform the audience about a subject ◦ i.e. an informative speech about cigarettes is only informative until you say something like “so I encourage you not to smoke" ◦ goal: to teach ◦ raising awareness ◦ articulating alternatives • how confidence influences relationships • Types of Info. Speeches *know for exam ◦ description - describing something (i.e. describing the life of Bob Stoops) ◦ demonstration - describing how something works or how to do something ◦ explanation - offering description and then explaining how it works; moving beyond description to explanation (i.e. a speech about the hardships faced by students with learning disabilities ◦ informative oral report - more to do with decision-making; (i.e. a report on how to develop a piece of land) • **informative speech topic has to be current; something new • Organizing an Informative Speech ◦ chronological structure - organized by time (i.e. a speech about a historical event; what caused it, what happened, the aftermath; step- by-step; past present future) speech of organization will often use this ◦ spatial structure - organize your speech based on how things are geographically spaced from each other (Oceans 11 bank robbing plot; i.e. ballroom dancing speech) ◦ categorical illustration - organize your speech by categories or classes ◦ causal illustration - cause-effect organizational pattern (2 main points instead of 3) • Speech for our class requires (unless it is cause-effect or categorical costs/benefits) • Goals for Informative Speeches ◦ capturing attention relevance, novelty, or variety ◦ helping listeners learn focus on 3 main points use visual aids keep the audience involved (i.e. poll about studying abroad) • include statistics • Rubric for informative speech is on D2L, as are topic selection forms • outlines are due on the first day of presentations; the full sentence outline and the key word outline • types of speeches: ◦ extemporaneous - you have a key word outline, and it is expected to be well-rehearsed; every time you give it, it is slightly different ◦ manuscript - i.e. commencement ceremonies ◦ memorized - i.e. reciting the preamble ◦ impromptu - i.e. not memorized or outlined • thesis - a one-sentence declarative statement that summarizes your central argument without introducing your 3 main points 2/11/16 Informative Speech Topic Selection • Narrowing the topic ◦ consider the speaking situation ◦ consider the audience; how might they react to the topic? ◦ consider ethical concerns; do thorough research; cite your sources verbally • objectivity v. subjectivity - you will have your own biases, but you should recognize them and try to stay open-minded • How do you create a thesis statement? • a one-sentence declarative statement that summarizes your central argument without introducing your 3 main points • 1. identify the purpose of your speech • Example of specific purpose: “To inform my nutrition class about the health benefits of soy products" ◦ General purpose: to inform ◦ audience: my nutrition class ◦ objective: about the health of sushi products • general purpose, specific purpose, thesis • 2. identify the thesis of your speech ◦ it should NOT: ◦ be written as a question ◦ be a preview of your speech ◦ be too complex or hard to follow ◦ present excessively detailed information ◦ should not present too many ideas Chapter 6 • research: start early • formulate a working thesis • use google scholar or the library database to search your topics • skim info • productive note-taking: record source info (citation) ◦ working outline ◦ key word outline • Developing Information Literacy ◦ books ◦ credible publishers: Sage, McGraw Hill, Pearson, Tutelage, Peter Lang, univ. press, Sungage ◦ newspapers ◦ magazines ◦ journals ◦ websites: .edu, .com, .org, .gov ◦ interviews ◦ official public records • The CRAAP Test (*exam) ◦ Currency ◦ Relevance ◦ Authority ◦ Accuracy ◦ Purpose
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