PSC 1003; Lecture 19
PSC 1003; Lecture 19 PSC 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eleanor Parry on Friday February 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Farrell, H in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Intervention Sovereignty and Intervention • Principles of Westphalian Sovereignty • Gradually turned into ideas that principles of sovereignty forbade internal intervention in other states internal affairs. • Seen as basic principle of inter state relations. From sporadic to institutionalized intervention • Powerful states have always intervened in pursuit of their interests. ◦ Seeking to address internal problems that may have international consequences. • But post WWII period has also seen creation of many institutions and treaties that touch upon internal affairs. ◦ Human rights ◦ Civilian government relations ◦ Conduct of war. • New justification for multilateral intervention Rwanda and Genocide • Massacre of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in Rwanda in 1994 a compelling example of genocide. • Yet no one acted to prevent it ◦ US actually pushed for withdrawal of UN peacekeepers and pushed back against early efforts to label the deaths as a genocide. ◦ Widely regarded as a catastrophic failure. ◦ Compounded by similar failures at Srebrenica. Toward Responsibility to Protect • These catastrophes led activists and policy intellectual to propose a new set of principles centered around the Responsibility to Protect ◦ States have a responsibility to protect their citizens. ◦ Where they do not, responsibility should be taken up by international community, through actions "spanning a continuum involving prevention, respond to violence if necessary, and rebuilding shatters societies." ◦ Suggestions of a norm that every state has a responsibility to protect against avoidable catastrophes. Syria and Challenges of Intervention • Syrian civil war - one of the consequences of the Arab Spring. • Assad regime has always faced risk of significant domestic challenges. ◦ Syria ethnically and religiously fractured. ◦ Assad family belong to religious minority. ◦ Government brutal, unpopular and corrupt. • Led to challenge from a heterogenous coalition of forces, and ongoing civil war. Economic/Social Consequences • Human cost of the war is very high • Water, food shortages are endemic. ◦ Infrastructure destroyed ◦ Economy crumbling ◦ School system broken Syria and Intervention • Syria presents prima facia for intervention of three major grounds • Threat to International Security • International Norms and Institutions • Responsibility to Protect Problems • Conflicts between goals of intervention ◦ Regime support, Regime change, Regime incentives • Military difficulties of intervening. ◦ Fragmented opposition ◦ Paranoid regime ◦ Syria not a pushover for air bombardment • Questions over whether intervention would limit problems in short term. ◦ Distrust between parties • Questions over long term consequences. ◦ Downes on intervention Conclusions • Politics of intervention pose profound dilemmas. • Syria illustrates these dilemmas - but hard to see how to solve them
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